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SE-^ 1653 Eost Moin Street 

S fi^ Rochester, New York 14609 USA 

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%om and ($itl0 



"UbeMorlO forCbrtat" 

With the Boys and Girls in Our 
Mission Fields 






(w. D.) 












































Canadian Prbsbyteriam Church ^ 


China, Honan 

China, Macao 

China, Shanghai "' 


K0R8A ®* 

Canadian Indians 


K8Y TO Ch^it 




Mission Stapi" 


The following chapters have been compiled in response to an oft- 
repeated call Iroin the Mission ^ands and Auxiliaries for mattrial 
on the foreign mission fields of ot; wu church. 

The work in these fields Is so immense and many-sided, that 
while each chapter deals with the field in general, preference has been 
given to ..he worlc ajiong the young people, wherr material wis avail- 
able. It is hoped thereby to bring the boys at< 1 girls of the Mission 
Bands and Sunday Schools into closer touch with our foreign children 
as seen to-day in the mission schools. 

The information K^thered is by no mean: xhaustive and is pre- 
ferabl> put in narrative form with the objec of stimulating leaders 
to seek further details in the individual missionary's work as found 
in current numbers of the " Tidings," " Record " and other church 

The programmes accompanying each chapter are merely si 'istive. 
It is expected that leaders will adjust them according to the ■< eds of 
the Bands, adapting them for meetings occurring near the .^.Jtivals 
of the year, or services cotmected with congregational life and work. 

The material has been gleaned from various sources, including 
leaflets, letters and reports from the missionaries and the Canadian 
Presbyterian Year Book. We would acknowledge also valuable aid 
kindly granted from Miss M. Waters, of the New York W.F.M.S. 
Board in connection with the general historical parts on India and 
China, as found in her junior booklet, "OurWorkin Far Away Lands." 

The fields dealt with in this volume are India, China (including 
Honan, Macao and Shanghai), Formosa, Korea, Canadian Indians. 


Bsssrs MAcMtntcHY. 

TOBSNTO, October, 1911. 



Singing— Hymn 250, " The Son of God goes forth to war." 

Scripture Readmg— (I. Samuel 3 : 1-19.) 


RoU CaU. 


Prayer after Offering. 

Singing— Hymn 304, " Stand up. Stand up for Jesus." 

Lf^son Story. 

Singing— Hymn 24S, " True-hearted, whole-hearted." 

Questions and Answers on Lesson Story. 

Talk on the Church Committees and WJ.M. Societies— (Dlus- 
trated by large chart). 

Singing— Hymn 304, " Brightly Gleams Our Banner." 

Prayer— Ahnighty and everlasting God, the brightness of 

faithful souls, fill the world with Thy glory, we pray Thee, 

and show Thyself by The radiance of Thy light to aU the 

nations of the world, through Jesus Christ our Lord. 




France, fleeing from persecution w»e^^fir.tJ^;, ""8".'=''o's from 
their home in the then^Ids rf 'c^r/nL 1 members coming to make 
beUefs of LuthS and cX^n ' "' *° "^^°^^ ""* f°"°'' ^^ 

weak 'bit'th?;!''* n-''""^ °^^' °" provinces, oiu- church was verv 

morafS?rS>'"met*'=^S^ThrheSf,tpo°^--^^^ "" ^veTph^of 
ISir/ dlaS"m^Se^n^^s!'tl^'}^^^^^^^^ 

™.po»tf m?.^?j^ 'w^rof ^it^,r W' -^"-^ 

is' ^^'^eT^'^L^^Fi/^j^B'^!'^^ ^^^ --^ 
In our oV«, PrSbyt^an ChurS in^nnS°»r *^' '"'°'' """'^ °'<^- 
congregations. l.^T^ i^^st^ ^4^ f^™;,^"' •"? =* P^'^*'" 2,233 
communicant^. In adS t^'ts wotk at hS,, '^^'°°*'^'^.' ^SO.OOO 
Indians of the West and British cZmWa^rihe ^iS*-?"?' '° '"' 
and Jews in Canada, to the New HebridM »nJi T ■ -^T' J^P"«»e 
Indies And is responsible for 14 (WO 000 ,Snlf f. T^***^.. *"'*,'^"t 
and Korea, who depend abso utdv ' n^T .HSi A^°*"',.9'''°»' J*P»° 
Twenty-flve cents a ^eek ^p^ij^Sf, ^-ol^ ^re^^^S^te'^eva^^^^: 


zation of the world in this generation. Would this mean any great 
samfice from even the poorest of our people-can we l^rcSS "wn 

SunZt^^f"^'/^*"' J^^^l' ■"«» KWsof our Mission%M'3^° 
Sunday Schools and Young People's Societies are part of the missionan^ 
orgamzation of the church, and as such are working and pra^ng fw 
the glad day when all men shall accept Jesus as their lord aid Si^om' 
Hmvm' '"°*^°'" *^" ""°^ »■"* "" '^' »^ done <"> earto as it is^' 

In order to understand how its missionary work is ("one it is neces- 
sary to know something of its government. one « is neces- 


An individual church U composed of the minister, the church 
Z^J^'/^^ ""' congregation. Its officers are thriunistet"h^ 
ddera, and tte managers. The eldus and the managers are elmed 
by the diurch members. The elders help the minister in the spiritual 
S^r* Th?'^""** "•«> toK'tf-^- they form what is known as UiTsS- 
»h?U,J? ^^^ T "?<!«■ the care of the session who administer 
^L^i ^- ?'™" '?•"'=•? ^y *^« congregation. The managen con- 
duct the busmess affairs of the congregation. s •» <.un 

There are four courts of the Presbyterian Church, and the Session 
of an mdiwdual congregation is Uie first of these. The next highMt 

L^%^t.'"'^*^' "^^ ^ '^' "P °' "^ *<= ministei; aSfone dd" 
from each congregation m a certain distiict. The presbytery has 
ZnTlhlh ^^ ~°8regations within its limits, and setUes S^que^ 
U°^„"&^i^=i°P8^«K?t'?''» ?°°°t decide. The next higher rourt 
^^^i^^.i This includes the presbyteries within a certain area^ 
sometimes those within a province. It governs an the presbyteriei 
belonging to it, and judges matters brought to it by them. The fourth 
and highest court is the General Assembly. It h imposed of "n? 
missioners from the presbyteries. This m'eans tiiarS^h^ preSbyte^ 
ti th. ri^^*'"'""'^' °' 't? J°i"isters and elders, and sLds Uiei 
-n .1. ^°e™' Assembly, which meets once each year. In this way 
ri-TL^T^fY*""?^ "* represented in the highest church court 
The General A^embly settles matters brought to it by tiie presby- 
teries and synods, and is the final, or highest, court of the Surch. 
rh=rtl „*f'""'°!f .committees or groups of men. each of which has 
te «™ <»tain part of the work of the church, called "Schemes." 
ta Iht T^t. « CoMuttees of Foreign Missions including Mission 
Ass^hlv F„nH V^i'^'°°^- Augmentation, French Evangelization, 
M^!!?i'^«™^'>^"'«'*. .'"='"*"« Deaconess Home, Social and 
Mora^ Reform and EvangeUsm, Aged and Infirm Ministers, Widows 
and Orphans, Pomte-aux-Trembles. 



B.nH.tfS'S"' tl'«tr*l''.^°''e'K° Committee is one in which Mission 
Bands and Junior Societies are especially interested ThUrr!™ 
?h n«''"H'^"«' ?' missionary work rforefgnS, and the ndir,' 
SS orovwlTnt >n Canada. It appoints and sends' lit Z L" W 

Sn-xSe'Jork'arhomr"' ""^ °^""'«'" °' ^''^ -'"' '--'^" 

for th?^cf"''°^'^V' ^''^ Assembly's Committees of Foreign Mbsion 

DWi,i,S? T '^^ Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, Westera 
»Wh fS '■aT°''°°^°V**'? Women's Missionary Society, Monl^eaT 
and the Woman's Foreign and Home Missionary Society EasterW 
Division, Halifax. Your Bands belong to the Woma^^Foreifn M.? 

TSrolcf^'^Pihif lo'S3 a'"'^'''""' r"- "-^" ^TTrontt 

Mi.5™ I J society. She corresponds with your Presbyterial 

Mission Band secretaries and keeps in touch with aU yourwo^ men 
a new society is reported she sends a letter of welcome from aie Bn»r3 

S^nM. J. ° **" ^°o''-.°"t for any new and helpful hterature for the 
t^t ^T^^^^.f^Siy ij,«»tered in the Band roU book^d^re^rted 
i^Jr- ^r^'?«'v, ^* Mission Band secretary attends the v^Sw 
SL^^A^L^^^- ,*^'«^?f the Executive ^dPubUcationSm'^ 
^o^ S'th?"M^"on a"' ""^ "* «■«' «P°''^ ^- --"^ and 

Tre«^8?rf tt^'^'.,°i 'is** ""^ y°" =''°"'^ be famiUar, is the 
ixeasurer of flie Board. The money sent for foreign missions bv all 
tte sooeties belonging to the Board goes finally though Whids" 
h^ toS^fi,?/.'"'?.^ ^' general church treasier ^d fom^^^by 

rr't^"S^„*° "f ^y '^^ treasurer of^S^andor'^/^Si^sSdety 
nor to the general treasurer of the church. Your trrasurH-^nM 
make out a draft or money order for the^ount and^ it to rt^ 

^fu ^ n "Tl fie ""^y to the Board Treasurer The adS^Tnf 
both the Bou^l Treasurer and the Secretary fS^SSrionBLIr2lfii 
found in the annual report and the " tSS^' "'^"»"° ""« '^ be 



The Secretary-treasurer of Publicatioiu is also a very important 
officer for the Bands, her address is room 619 Confederation Life 
Building, Richmond Street East, Toronto. From her can be procured 
supplies of literature for U3C at meetings, extra copies of "Tidings", 
on the back cover of which will be found a list of the leaflets published 
by the society. 


This is a part of the Church's work in which girls will be specially 
interested. It is managed by a joint committee from the Home and 
Foreign Mission Committees and Women's Boards, and here are pre- 
pared for service at home and abroad the young women of our church. 
The training is intellectual, spiritual and practical. Lectures are given 
on the Bible, Church History, preparation of public addresses, docu- 
tion, medicine and nursing — and practical work is done at mothers' 
meetings. Auxiliaries and Mission Bands, besides visiting the sick and 
needy of which the following is an illustration: 

"Please come and see my mother," said a small boy, rushing 
up to the dark blue uniformed deaconess after Sunday School, and 
seizing a fold of her dress. It was only the deaconess' second week 

in the church, Toronto, and so she did not even know the 

child's name. However, she willingly went with the boy, and found 
the -nother suffering agony from a poisoned hand. The deaconesses 
are trained in simple nursing, but this looked too serious a case for her 
to tackle, and, suggesting a temporary remedy, she promised to send 
a doctor. After a little friendly chat with the woman, the deaconess 
said to her on leaving, "I'm sorry I am not able to help your hand 
more." "You've helped my heart. Miss," answered the woman, "I 
was fair heart-sick with loneliness. " 

TThe Home is at 60 Grosvenor Street, Toronto, and is well worth 
a visit. Perhaps some of our Band members when in the city will 
call on the r 'oerintendent, Mrs. Livingstone, and see the home 
life of the stuu<:nts. You will always know the church deaconess 
when you meet her by the blue uniform and bonnet and silver St. 
Andrew's cross given on graduation. 

Our sodety takes its share in supporting the Home by giving 
Sl,200 yearly, so that the Bands have their part in this work. Besides 
the yearly support there is the purchase money of $25,000, of which 
very Uttle is paid, and to which congregations and individuals are 


The Auxiliaries, Mission Bands and Associate Sodetiet in the 
churches of a presbytery fonr what is known as a PresbyterUl Society. 


Its officers are similar to those of the Board, there is a special Sec- 
retarj for Bands, who haii oversight of all these societies in her 
presbytery. She also corresponds with the Board Secretary for 
Mission Bands and sends to her an annual report of this work. 


Every individual Band has its officers and frequently in addition 
a leader or superintendent to have oversight of its work. This leader 
trains the officers of the Band for their duties, outlines plans of mission 
study and work, corresponds with her Presbyterial Mission Band 
Secretary, and is careful that once a year a full and correct report is 
prepared by the Band Secretary and sent to the Presbyterial Mission 
Band Secretary. 


Now how is the work carried on in the Mission Fislds themselves? 

In the first place, the Assembly's Committees have eight of 
these fields: in India, China, Formosa, Korea, Trinidad, British 
Guiana and New Hebrides, and among the Jews, Chinese, Japanese 
and Indians of Western Canada. 


Each Field is divided into a number of Missions. Just as a com- 
mittee means a group of men appointed by the Church to have charge 
of a certain part of its work, so a Mission means all the foreign mis- 
sionaries under appointment by the Foreign Committee, who are wHhin 
a certain part of a Field. The Missions are named from their positions 
in the Field, as the Central India Mission, or the North Houan 


These Missions are also divided and their divisions are called 
Stations, and consist of all the foreign missionaries appointed by the 
Committee within certain districts prescribed by the Mission. 


The work itself is of various kinds. The preaching of God's 
word by our missionaries, foreign or native, whether it be a personal 
talk with only one individual, an address to a small group of people 
gathered together in town, village, or country, or a sermoii to the hun- 
dreds of persons who often attend the services of our mission churches, is 
known as Evangelistic Work. To this work also belongs the care 



of the churches, the Sabbath schools, zenana visiting, the oversight 
of the native Bible women and other helpers, and all the many ways 
in which missionaries and native helpers alike are trying to win men, 
women, and little children to a saving faith in Jesus Christ. 

Missionary physicians, both men and women, carry on what 
is called Medical Work. They make personal visits in town and 
country, and have charge of mission hospitals and dispensaries. 

Trips made through the country districts by the missionaries 
are known as Itinerating Tours. There is both evangelistic and medical 
itinerating, and in this way mauy places are visited where the natives 
have never before heard the Gospel message. 

Our Missions have all grades of schools imder their care, from 
kindergartens to industrial sdiools and colleges. Ahc training schools 
and station classes for native teachers and Bible women; theological 
seminaries for preparing natives for the ministry; and classes for medical 
students and nurses. This is called Educational Work. In some 
stations are printing presses, where Bibies, Testaments, and other 
literature is published in the native language. 


Foreign Missionaries are those men and women who are appointed 
by the Committee of Foreign Missions, and sent out by it to our Mission 
Fields. Ordained ministers and other missionaries, both men and 
women, have charge of the evangelistic and educational work, and the 
missionary physicians and their helpers care for the medical work. 
Much work is also done by the wives of missionaries, who are of in- 
valuable assistance. 

Native Missionaries are the men and women trained by the 
Missions to help in carrying on the work, as ordained ministers, evan- 
gelists, teachers, Bible women, physicians and nurses. The love and 
devotion which they show to the work, proves UJt only their appre- 
ciation of what the Gospel has meant to them, but also their longing 
to bring these same blessings to all those who are still in need of them. 


What now is our share in this missionary work of the Presbyterian 
Church? Surely it is a part of the work of the Church in which, as 
loyal Presbyterians, everyone must help, from the tiniest Band member, 
and Sunday School scholar, to the men and women who in the home 
land or on the foreign field, are bearing the burden and responsibility 
of the work. We must all do our part to hasten the time when there 
shall be no place the world over, where the Gospel message has not 
been made knoim. 



It is for this very reason that you girls and boys are gathered 
in Mission Bands, Young People's Societies, and Sunri^.y TK-hools, 
that you may learn to love this great cause, and to wc:k iiic! p. ay for 
it; and to give towards its support. 

Its Aims, Methods, Responsibilities 

The work of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of our 
Church was begun in 1876 in response to the request of the General 
Assembly's Foreign Mission Committee', that the women of the church 
assume the support and development of woman's work in the foreign 

Conditions in the foreign mission fields necessitated then as 
they do to-day that woman's work be distinctive. 

Previous to 1876 organized effort by Christian women for such 
work had been begun first in the old land in 1834 by an interdenomina- 
tional effort — The Society for the Promotion of Female Education in 
the East. It was not until 1868 that any denominational organization 
came about and Woman's Foreign J-.jsionary Societies were organized 
luder the several Protestant churches. Their special work became 
known thiouglic-jt the Christian world as "Woman's work for women 
and children in heathen lands." 

Our own Canadian church fell into line shortly after the union 
of Presbyterianism in Canada. The Society was organized in two 
divisions — the Eastern and Western, taking as its motto: "The 
World for Christ." The Society ranks tenth in the list of similar 
societies in Cauda and the United States in its income for foreign work; 
the combined income of the W.F.M.S., East and West, being this year 
over $100,000. 


The W.F.M.S. of the Western Division is auxiliary in all its work 
to the Assembly's Foreign Mission Committee (Western Division). 
Its object is the support of all work for women and girls in those foreign 
fields under the care of that committee, and the support of all dis- 
tinctive work for women and children in Canada among the non- 
Christian people over which the Foreign Mission Committee has 

The Foreign Mission Committee sends on to the Woman's Board 
all estimates for woman's work. The Committee also consults with 
the Board regarding woman's work and the appointments to the mission 
fields, but final action and power rests witli the Assemblv's Foreign 
Mission Committee. 




The W.F.M.S. thus forms on integral part of the great missionary 
force of our church bodi at work at home and abroad. It represents 
just one special branch of missionary effort for which our church stands 
responsible. And while each department of the church's work has 
its rightful proproportionate claim on our sympathy and support — 
the challenge and appeal of the women of non-Christian lands stand 
out with touching significance. On the shoulders of the W.F.M.S. 
rest immense responsibilities. Through no other channel can these 
be met. It is our earnest hope that in the fuMilling of these claims, 
the personal responsibility of every woman of our church may be 


Auxiliaries 884 

Mission Bands SIS 

Membership 32,093 


The plan of work for the Western Division was based on methods 
already adopted by similar organizations in particular of the Woman's 
Board of the Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia. Auxiliaries and 
Mission Bands are organized in congregations, the minister of the 
chiurch first giving hi:, approval. Each member pays a small annual 
fee, thereby is known the membership of our constituency and the 
available strength. These Auxiliaries and Bands are grouped into 
Presbvterial Societies and a further grouping of Presbyterial Societies 
into Provincial is under consideration. A large representative business 
meeting of the General Society is held annually when the officers of 
the General Board of Management are elected. 

No special work is assigned to any one Auxiliary or Band in the 
way of the support of a missionary, station or field. All contribute 
to one common fund for the support of that one large object, — woman's 
work. The funds may thus be distributed according to the estimates 
sent home by the missionaries, and no one side of the work can be 
developed at the expense of another. For the support of our common 
treasury the membership is encouraged to use the envelope system 
at its regular meetings. A special thank-offering gift is sought at the 
national thonksgiving season in October. The general literature 
department i -eps the home branches in touch with each other and with 
the foreign fields through the leaflets, helps, and " Foreign Missionary 
Tidings," which is the monthly and dESdal organ of the Society. 



Each Presbyterial Executive has charge of the development of 
work within its Presbytery with the assistant; also of the Travellini 
Secretary, whose time is at the call of the Society under the direction 
of the Board in the sprad of information regarding the work and the 
organization of branches as opportunity afTords. 

The chart at the beginning of this little book with its accompanying 
key will aid the children and young people of the church in our Bands, 
Sunday Schools and Yoimg People's Societies to understand better the 
great work of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

The following lessons will teach you about these missionaries, 
and the countries to which they are laboring. 


1. To what branch of the Church of Jesus Christ do you be'.>ng? 

2. Why is it a famous missionary chtu-ch? 

3. What is the name of your division of the Presbyteiian Church? 

4. Is it doing its share in the great missionary cause? 

5. Of what is an individual church composed? 

6. How many courts has the Presbyterian Church? Name them. 

7. What is a Church Session? A Presbytery? A Synod? A 
General Assembly? 

8. What are the Committees appointed by the General Assembly? 

9. How many of these Committees are there? Name them. 

10. In which are you specially interested? 

11. How many Women's Boards of Foreign Missions are there 
in Canada? 

12. Under which one do your Bands belong? 

13. What officers has it? 

14. Which three shouH you know about especially? 

15. Why can you call the Secretary for Mission Bands your Secre- 

16. What can you tell about her work? 

17. What is the work of the Treasurer of the Board? 

18. Through whom should you send to her your gifts for foreign 

19. What is a Presbyterial Society? 

20. What are Mission Bands? 

21. How many Mission Fields has the Assembly's Committee of 
Foreign Missions? 



22. What is a Mission? A SUtion? 

23. What b Evangelistic Work? Itinerating? Medical Work? 
EducaUonal Work? Industrial Work? 

24. How are Bibles, Testaments, and other lifaature obtained 
in the native language? 

26. Who are Foreign Missionaries, and what is their work? 

26. Who are native Missionaries, and what do they do? 

27. As loyal Presbyterians, how must we share in this missionary 
work of our church? 

28. When was the W.F.M.S. founded? and why? 
Describe the beginning of Woman's Work in Foreign Missions. 
How many divisions are there in the Society, and give its 





... Describe the Society's relation to the Foreign Mission Com- 
mittee and to the chiu-ch. 

32. Tell about the method of work in the Society. 




Siii|iiic— Hymn 412, " TUn* for trer, Ood ot Ura." 


Scripture SMdlng— Pi. 91 (in concert.) 

Roll Call— (Reiponoei: Namei of river t, mountaina and 

dtiea of IndJ^). 
Leaaon Story. 

SinginK— Hymn 443, " From OreenUiad'a ley Mountaina." 

Prayer after Offering. 
Map Ezerciae— (Placing of gOt paper atara on miaaion 

Queatlona and answera on Lesson Story. 
Sjnging— Hynm 366, " At even ere the aun waa aet" 
The Lord's prayer. 



„ .J'^ "f •*>"^ '° SS t° •" Europe, eicept RumU. It U nearly 
3,500 milet long and 2,000 miles wide. 

The country lies near the raiddte of the southern part of Asia, 
and is bounded on the nor by the Himalaya Mountains, one of the 
most wonderful o( all mo \in ranges. The word Himalaya means 
"the abode of snow," and iJie great, towering, snow-capped peaks, 
rising from a plateau over 15,000 feet above aea level, make part of 
the most magniflcent scenery of ihe world, tielow these mountains 
are the Northen Plains, where great crops of grain are raised. On these 

Klains uc most of the cities and towns of India, and multitudes of vil- 
iges. There are no hills and no forests, and after the hot winds of sum- 
mer have burned and withered everything green, the country looks 
dreary and bare, lo the south of these plains is another mountain 
range — the Vindhya; then comes a very fertile valley through which 
runs the Narbada River. South of this plain and divided from it by 
two rang», the Eastirn and Western Ghauts, is what is called the 
Deccan, or South Country, surrounded on three sides by the Ind-an 

There are many large rivers besides the Narbada, among them 
the Brahmaputra, the Ganges, and 'he Indus from which the country 
gets its name. This river was call'-d first "Sindhus," or ocean, as 
the people who discover jd it mistook it for the ocean. Later it was 
called "Hindus," which accounts for the country also being known 
as HindusUn. Finally it became the "Indus," which it still remains. 
India has tlu-ee sei.sons of the year, the cold, hot, and rainy, corres- 
ponding nearly to our winter, summer, ana autumn. The climate 
of the plains is tropical, and the Oeccan and central parts of the country 
are never cold. Further north the nights are sometimes frosty. The 
cold season begins in October or November, and from then until March 
It seldom rains, and the weather is beautiful with almost consunt 
sunshine. By the end of March it begins to grow warmer, a strong 
west wind sets ir, which by April becomes a hot wind and, together 
with Sim, bums up all the green grass and other vegetation excepting 
the fruit and forest trees. While this hot wind blows, the missionaries 
and other Europeans try to stay indoors during the middle of the day, 
and do their visiting and outside work early in the morning or late in 
the afternoon and evening. By June the heat has become intense, 
but about this time the "monsoon bursts," as the people say. This 
means that the rain has begun, and for th« next three months there is 

wmi TU ■ovi AND ontu m otn mimion dislm 


nin nearly every day. Soaka, centipedes and tcorpions, seldom seen 
at other seasons, are to be found at this time, and many natives die 
from snake bites ea -h year. Then the weather becomes much cooler, 
the grass grows fresh and green, dowers bloom, fruit is abundant, and 
the beautiful cold season has returned. 

Grains of all kinds are raised in the north of India; coffee and 
•pices in Ceylon; tea on the slopes of the Himalayas. Tropical fruits 
of all kinds are abundant; the mango being to the people of India what 
the apple is to us here in Canada, 

The most common food of the people in the south is rice; in the 
north, different varieties of millet, and grains belonging to the pea 

India exports great quantities of tea, rice, wheat, four and coffee. 
Also jute, cotton, hides, lumber and other products. 


This great cjuntry has nearly 300,000,000 inhabitanU, or more 
than or- "^fth of the population of the world. I.o one knows JL-it who 
were the original inhabiunts, but probably they were Negritos, a fe« 
of whom are still to be found. It is known, however, that from time 
to time great hordes of different people from Central Asia swept over 
the Himalaya Mountaino, and took possession of ^e land. The Aryans, 
w|- • iiome was probably south of the Aral Sea, were the greatest in- 
vj. 1 and the larger part of the population now is of Aryan orig'n. 
TU iieople ruled for many years, but in 327 B. C, Alex inder the 
Grea, onquered Poms, the greatest of the Aryan lords, and carried thi 
Grecia. standards far into the country. For the next nine or ten cen- 
turies there were invasions by Parthians, Scythians, and Huns, Arabs, 
Afghans, and Tartars, and Mongolians with their fierce Mohammedan 
religion. The Mongols by the nxteenth century had conquered nearly 
the whole of northern India, while the Hindus ruled in the south. One 
of the famous Mongol Kmpcrors built at Agra the Taj Mahal, one of 
the most magnificent buildings in the world. 

In 1613 an English tradi^ig company established itself at Surat, 
on the west coast. This East £adi« Company came simply as traders, 
but soon were forced into a civil and military organization. An awful 
mutiny occurred in 1857, when the Sepoys — the native troops of the 
Company — rose in rebellion all through northern India. There were 
terrible battles and sieges, hut the natives had no competent com- 
manders, while the British generals were splendid men and in the end 
won a complete victory. The East India Company was then dissolved, 
and Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. Many of the 
native states were allowed to retain their own rulers; but they must 
keep loyal to the British, aid them in time of war, adopt reforms in 



their government, and cannot become larger without the consent of 
the British. As the natives are neither united nor warlike, the British 
are able to keep them under control. The head official, called the Vice- 
roy, is appointed by the Crown. 

High-caste Hindus are well educated and intellectual, but the vast 
mass of the people Uving in villages, are poor, ignorant and degraded. 

They all have black hair and eyes, dark skin, and regular features, 
are of medium height, and those in the north stionger than those in 
the south. 

The southern villages are picturesque, built in palm groves, with 
low mud houses having thatched roofs, and often covered with vines. 
These houses are dirty and comfortless. A few coarse-woven mats 
are on the floor, and here the wife and children sleep while the husband 
has a rude bed. A spinning-wheel, a few cooking utensils, a box for 
clothing, and a stool or two comprise the furniture. Each village has 
its head man. Around these villages are farms, usually owned 
by the head man and rented to the people, who work them during the 
day and return to their homes at night. The women bring water 
from the wells outside the villages, grind the grain, cook the food, spin, 
weave, and make their clothing. 

A town is a large village and has a magistrate and petty court. 
The houses are built like those in the villages, but are usually set in 
a courtyard the rear of which is ^o the street, and consists of m > , Us 
with windows set high to prevent anyone from looking out. they 
have earthen floors, and no chimneys. 

The cities and larre towns have some very magnificent places 
Ct marble and stone, but the houses are mostly of brick. They are 
built around a courtyard on which all rooms open. There are no 
windows on the outside, only a blank wall with a door for entrance. 

The wealthy Mohammedan women are never seen on the streets, 
and to no one even in their homes, excepting their fathers, husbands, 
or brothers. They leave their homes seldom except to attend family 
feasts, when they go in dosed carriages. They embroider, work on 
lace, and a very few read their religious books; but Uiey lead sad, 
monotonous lives, shut up year after year in the zenana, as tlie women's 
part of the house is called. The poorer women aie servants to the 
rich or are the wives of workiu^ men, and live as do the women of the 
villages. The Hindu brings his wife to his fathers' home, where in 
all things she must obey her mother-in-law. The Mohammedan 
usually takes his to his own home, but she has no easier time. Neither 
does the Buddhist wife, though her husband comes to live with her 

The dress of the women, called the sarree, is simple, but graceful. 
SometiTres a tight fitting jacket is worn, but excepting for this the 
entire dress is one piece of cloth six to nine yards long. One end is 



wrapped around the waist, gathered into folds in front, and secured 
by tucking under; the other end is drawn across the waist over one 
shoulder and arm and brought to the waist at the back. They also 
wear what is known as the chuddar, a cloth wound about the head and 
ihoulders. They wear all the jeweh^ they can secure, on their toes, 
ankles, fingers, wrists, arms, neck, nose, ears, and hair. The men's 
dress consists of two cloths; one wound about the waist and falling 
over the knees, the other thrown around the shoulders and then drawn 
about the waist. The poorer men often leave off this upper cloth, 
while high-caste Hindu gentlemen wear a richly embroidered jacket 
over it. They all wear large cloth or silk turbans upon the head, 
and sandals or decorated slippers on their feet. None of the women, 
even the wealthy, wear anything upon tjeir feet excepting rings and 
anklets. The older girls and boys dress like their parents; but little 
children, until eight years old, have no trouble whatever about their 
clothes, because, Uke the Uttle Africans, they do not wear any I High- 
caste babies are very cunning with their rings and anklets, and some- 
times a string of beads around their waist. 

There are two classes of Hindu children — the caste and the out- 
caste. Caste children are well cared for, but the out-caste girls and 
boys are usually dirty and imkempt. Their elder sisters and brothers 
go with their parents to work, and the little ones are left to look after 
themselves — the girls to carry around the babies, and the boys to 
watch the cattle. Indian children have few indoor playthings, but are 
all fond of out-door sports, the boys playing many of the games you 
are familiar with in America — marbles, hop-scotch and others. The 
girls pla} tag, himt the button, jack straws, and a number of games set 
to music. They are also taught to cook well, to keep house, anc how 
to perform the ceremonies and feasts. They are not welcome to the 
home — these poor little girls — and are often so neglected that they die 
soon after they are bom. They are not allowed to attend school as 
are the boys, who begin their education early. The smaller villages 
have no schools, so the boys walk to the nearest town. 

The majority of Mohammedan girls are secluded when very young. 
Saul up in the 7<Tianas, with few amusements, they lead unhappy 

There is one thing above all others, which makes the life of the 
Hindu girl so crueUy sad, that it would have been better for her had she 
been allowed to die, as so many are, as a baby. This is widowhood. 
The little girls are married when between five and ten years old, and 
often to middle aged and even old men, who soon die and leave them 
widows. Then they are considered the cause of their husband's death 
and can never marry again. Kindness is never shown to them; they 
are crueUy treated by the other members of the family, even though 
they may be only five or six years old; their pretty jewelry is all taken 



away, and they hav. only coarse clothing to wear. Only the plainest 
lood is given to them, and they have no place at the family feasts. 

Think of it — you girls and boys with your happy Christian homes 
—just think of it, there are nearly 22,600,000 of these poor little Hindu 
widows, and over 03,000 of them tmder ten years of age I 

This cruel practice is part of one of the false religions of the country, 
and neither the girb and boys of India, nor the grown men and women, 
can be really happy until these heathen religions are done away with, 
and the religion of Jesus Christ reigns in all that great land. Will 
you not work and pray more earnestly than ever before, that this time 
may be hastened? 


The chief reli^ons of India are Hinduism, Buddhism, Moham- 
medanism, Demon-worship, and Parsi-ism. Hinduism is a series 
of forms used for the worship of the god Brahma. The priests are 
called Brabmans, and teach that four classes of men were created by 
Brahma. I. The Brahmans, or priests. II. The Kahatrijras, or 
soldiers. III. The Vaisyas — fanners and merchants. IV. The Sudras 
— mechanics and servants. This is what is known as caste. Each of 
these castes has now many sub-divisions, and below them all are the 
the Pariahs, or outcastes. A Hindu may neither eat nor drink with 
those of a luwer caste. If the shadow of a low-caste man falls on a 
Brahman's foiod it must be thrown away. A man always belongs to 
the same caste as his father, and can never rise above it, but if he breaks 
its rules he becomes an outcaste. This makes the high-caste men proud 
and selfish, and prevents the low-caste from ever trying to rise in life. 
Widowhood and the caste system are only two of the many evils of 
Hinduism. In Benares, considered the most sacred place in India, 
are five thousand Hindu temples, each with its hideous idols. The 
Vedos are the Brahman's sacred books. 

About 500 B.C. there lived in India a yoimg prince known as 
Gautama Buddha, which means "the enlightened." His father 
wished him to become a soldier, but he loved to spend his time think- 
ing over great questions about life and death. For six years he lived 
in a mountain cave, where he was often cold and hungry. Then he 
began preaching to the people and taught them some good lessons for 
this life, such as kindness to every living thing, and that they must 
not kill, steal, lie nor use strong drink. But he did not know God, so 
could not teach the people anytiiing about Him, nor tell them anything 
about the life to come. He taught instead, that if they obeyed these 
commands their souls would pass at death into some higher life, and at 
last go into an eternal sleep — Nirvana — which means "blown out." 
If they failed, they would be bom into some lower form of animal or 



bird. He did not tell tlie people to worship him, but the Buddhists 
do worship him and everything connected with him. 

When the Hindus conquered India, the savage tribes they found 
there were mostly D«mon-worshiperg, and the few of them remain- 
ing in the land, are so still. They believe the earth to be filled 
with evil spirits living in trees, plants, streams and rocks, and that 
offerings and sacrifices must constantly be made to them to prevent 
their harming the people. 

Mohammed was a native of Arabia, who lived about 1,300 years 
ago, and said he had received a new revelation from God. He claimed 
that God commanded him to force all men to obey him; so he and his 
fierce Arabian followers started out to fight and to kill all who would 
not become Moh: omedans. Their battle cry was, " There is one God, 
and Mohammed is his prophet, " This religion soon spread over west- 
em Asia and parts of Europe and Africa. About one hundred years 
after it began it was carried to India, but never ruled over the whole 
of the land. Their sacred book is the Koran, which Mohammed said 
was a direct gift from God; but we know well that such a cruel, wicked 
religion never came from the Heavenly Father. 

Parsi-ism is the religion of the Parsis, or Persians, who were driven 
into India by the Mohammedans. They are the Fire-worshippers of 
the East, and though there are 150,000 of them in India, their religion 
has little influence in the land. 

Is it not sad, girls and boys, to realize that nearly the whole of 
the 300,000,000 people of India, even the little children, are believers 
in these false religions? Not quite all, thank God, for by His blessing 
upon the labors o Christian missionaries who have gone there 'o carry 
them the Gospel, there are now 1,000,000 native Christians. We vi'M 
learn where in that distant land our missionaries are working, and what 
share your Bands and Junior Societies have in this great cause. 


The first Protestant missionaries to India were Bartholomew 
Ziengoibalg and Henry Plutschau, sent out in 1705, by the Danes. 

The fint English society to send missionaries there was the Baptist. 
This society was formed through the influence of William Cary, and 
he was sent as their first missionary, reaching India in 1793. 

There are now about one thousand Protestant missionaries work- 
ing in that land, belonging to more than eighty different Societies and 
Boards. There are nearly as many native ministers. 

Our Presbyterian Church has one Mission, Central India. 


WOT ti« BOW *« o«L» w «m wmoH nw* 

cBnTRAL nrou mssioB 

^^•"girS.'^"^ I'S^.n.n^'S^Srindia. when the Rev. 
T. M. Douglas was sent to Indore. ^^ , ^^ Centtri 

' Cential India » » .f ""Jl™ ^A a ~^tioo of about 9,000,000 
Provinces. It » aJ=rtUe '^'^ Srid^^m^g seventy-nine Rajais, 
largely Hindu. The country « ""^°^ *" Slowed to govern their 

Kbs and Chiefs of ^om ™4^^° "Sv^SS^^on Occupies the 
?^ states subject to BnghauAonty^ Our ^^^ 

western portion .°' 9™^^, ^„tt lach 5ie centre of hundreds of 
stations are at eightcaitralpomtt.^J^=^^i„ Ullages. . 

villages, for nine-tenths of \n^.lP°'^^{^?^ched by any Christian 
^^Fuily two-thirds of t^^^VSk^!^^^^"^ Chiich. and let us 

India's Empire te Chnst s. jt^j jnto a National 

The native Ctawtians£ ov« ta^a are now ^ lodians, ' 

Missionary Sodety '*««.'~*^^^tn SSf l»nds and increase their 
'nl^Tt^^g^-e woSnX^^ ministers ready to go out 
among their own people 

Our mission stations are: 



I, you were to visit the »tations^^. '^"l^«^?„^,^^rj^': 
carried on, churches. SundaysAooK hosjp^j^d^^^^^^ ^U 

a leper asylum, day !"<! °°?^£ "SiTmUionaries, of whom twenty- 
This work IS earned on by sirt^ne^ ^ ^^jj^ 

two are Single women, four b«ng docWs ^^^ jjarch, tiie mis- 

S*Sf t^^th aUi'^'.S^'- -^-^ - •— 
*-^lS'anT"of'^;,villag^^ ^f^nr^rmS:? "^"^ 




will have as many as 2,000 in their district and only a small fraction 
can be visited in a year. The missionaries are glad if they get the people 
even to listen to die little organ and a hymn. They will leave a few 
Scripture verses or a Bible story hoping some one in the villages is able to 
read it to them. Only 10 in 100 of all the men and boys can read, and 
only 1 in 100 of the women and girls. Now and again our missionaries 
are surprisoi to find a village has heard the story of Jesus; someone 
there has been a patient in one of our hospitals and has canied home 
the story and the whole village is eager to hear more. 

There w<U not be time to tell of all the work in one short chapter, 
but let us see what is being done for the boys and girls for they will 
be India's men and women of to-ruorrow. 


A few years ago after one of India's dreadful famines from lack of 
rain, hundreds of starving children were seen wandering about, our 
missionaries were filled wiUi pity and cabled home to know if we would 
send money for food, gather the diildren together and save those they 
could. Several htmdieds were gathered in and orphanges for boys and 
girls begun. 

You will find the girls to-day r Neemuch Orpha'i^Ee under Miss 
Campbell's care. There are 132 in the home, all being carefully brought 
up as Christian girls in school and house work. One beautiful thing is 
told of this home "the voice of prayer is never silent." They are 
thanking God for what the boys and girls in Canada have done for 
them and asking that we will send them more missionaries each year, 
praying too, that God will make them helpers among their own people. 
Out of their own pocket mcney which they earn either as pupil teachers 
or from fancy sewing, they buy Bible stories and tracts and send them 
away among the villages. Girls in India cannot go out alone preach- 
ing or teaching in the villages unless accompanied by one of our women 

You will find some of the boys gathered at "Rasalpura" school 
three miles out from Mhow, The name is in memory of Norman Russel 
one of our workers who dearly loved the boys and girls of India, but 
God took him just when he was planning how these orphan boys might 
grow up to be useful Christian men able to earn their own living. Do 
not forget that for a boy or girl in India to confess Christ often means 
persecution by their friends, cast out from among their relations and not 
allowed to earn a living. So this school is called an Industrial school. 
It provides a means for these boys faming a living when they grow up. 
They weave rugs, blankets and silk. Of the 136 boys in the orphanage 
at present 20 are under ten years of age The younger bojrs work 
ball the da/ and go to school the other half. The older ones work all 



day and earn a wage. At Rutlam the older boys are taught printing 
and under Dr. Campbell's guidance they publish yearly many 
hundreds of Hindi tracts, hymn books, and a monthly missionary paper. 
At Rutlam also Mrs. Campbell has for many years carried on orphan- 
age work. Thirty-seven girls are under her care. 


Miss Clearihue's school at Mhow is typical of the day schools, 
for we cannot visit each school, there are so many. These day schools 
become Sunday Schools on Sunday. The son-Christian people are not 
anxious to send their girls to school so two calling women go around 
from house to house each morning and gather the children. Both 
calling women were themselves once pupils. Two or three native 
young women assist as teachers, before their marriage they too 
were pupils, in one of the orphanges. Interesting and often sad 
stories could be told of each child. Miss Clearihue tells of a little girl 
who was a pupil in her school a few years ago and was taken away by 
her parents and married to an old man who had several wives. She was 
crudly treated but kind friends got her away and she was allowed to 
return to school. How pleased she was to come back. Her face is 
losing its look of misery and the smile is returning. In the school 
Hindu and Mohammedan, high caste and low caste sit side by side. 
What possibilities in all these little lives! Will you not pray that from 
among the children of our schools many may be numbered as children 
of our Lord. 


We have still another class of school the most pathetic of all and 
for which you must not forget to pray, the Widows' Home, where 
97 girl widows live and are being trained. In India there are to-day 
3,021,470 girl widows under 15 years of age, and of these 93,034 are 
under 10 years. When a little girl's future husband dies who has been 
chosen by the parents, even though the little girl has never seen him, 
her hair is shorn, her jewels taken from her. She is nearly starved 
and told the gods are angry with her. How much it means to these 
poor little girls when they hear about our God who loves them and 
wants them to lead happy, useful lives. All these girl widows are trained 
to earn their own living either in industrial work such as weaving 
and sewing or as teachers and helpers. A number also marry and 
their Christian homes become an example to the heathen about them. 
One of these young women has passed on to be trained at Ludhiana 
School of Medicine for Women. You must ask your president to tell 
you more about this school for it is the only one in Ninth India where 


native girU may train for docton. P«^i>' »1» PY^* 'i;?^ Cn^«^- 
SSm to ~y for Ratmbai's education, and one or two others from Nee- 
SSh aSludore schools who are there (see report). 


The oldest school is the Girb' Bearding and High School at Indore, 
107 are on Ae ?S many of them the children of our first PupJ». ^d 
nkrJTaU the cSdren of our naUve Christians. The girU work hard 

^f^fof'^rr UUtn»Ks ^TL^^^^ 
Sr I^a National Missionary Society where ^jey woe »" ^«»^^ 

LTL^th-^f ren^rXM^e -£trs.|^/f.g 
S'-t[rmi^on-s^oi^hr.^^^3 ^^ 

part to show them the way. 


Thi-re is stiU another branch of the work we must take a peep at. 
Tust^^ciSda^e h^e the original people "t^ inhabited our land 
S^om^cS the Indians, so India has her abongmes; one section 
rf whiXis^^ the BhU tribe. They were driven back by the^ 

SSJ aTAnSr They look to the missionary as their mimster. doctor 
tS^ andfaSer Man" of them have givtn up worshipping the 
e^^piriS Sut b^^ed from Dhar after a rough dnve of 40 

"^"ro^i'^'^^^es the people decided to bmld a church and 
caUed for volunteers to provide the timber. Every hand went up. T^e 
SSSdi WM tailt as a labor of love, no money was needed. They 



rive lenerously every Sunday to help on ChrUt'i work. ^.Thor «'Uec- 
tion would teem strange to us for it consisU of eggs, chickens, goaU, 

"""some of the native Chiistian boys and girls who have finished 
school at the other suUons and are married have come to settle among 
these people, set the example of a Christian home and show them how 
to farm the land. Here too the missionary's wife has a school of 
BhU girls whom she mothers and trains. These wiU become useful 
Christian women able to take their part well. 

A number of the older boys are hoping to become Bible helpers 
Our missionary telU us they are so devoted to their studies that you 
will see one climb a tree, another in the com fields, another on the road 
going to work aU with a book in hand studying their lessons, and one 
he saw sitting on the floor doing three things, makmg butter m a bowl 
with one hand, keeping off the flies with the other and his note book 
open before him memorizing. _. . j .1 » 

Dr Margaret O'Hara's OiphaiiJge at Dhar is composed mosUy of 
these Bhil girls saved in famine times. She is very enthusiastic oyer 
them On several occasions she had invited the government inspector 
to visit her school. He always passed it by; but one day not long 88° 
he came. Three or four of the girb were brought up to read. Well, 
Dr O'Hara," he said "you have taught the monkeys to read. These 
children are known among the people of India as "the monkeys of 
the iungle," but our missionaries are proving how worthy these boys 
and girls of the jungle are and making of them bright and capable 
men and women, earnest in their desire to better their conditions and 
help in winning India for Christ. 


There is much to learn about India's boys and girls from the hos- 
pital work in India. India had no hospitals till Christianity set the 
example and many of our boys and girls firs' hear of Christ when lying 
iU in the mission wards. As in aU other heathen lands India has many 
terribly cruel practices in times of sickness at the hands of her mediane 
men or witch doctors. In all India there are only 30O trained doctors 
for 300,000,000 people a-d about one half of these are Chnstian women 
missionaries. When you remember that women and girls m India will 
not let a male doctor attend them nor go to a men's hospital nor dispen- 
sary you can understand how sorely they need the help of our women 
doctors and nurses: but so few are willing to go from Canada. Except 
the leper hospital at Dhar there are in Central India no mission hospi- 
tals for the men as yet, but one is to be built at Rutlam with Dr. 
Waters in charge and a second at Barawha under Dr. McPhedran. We 
have three hospitals for women and girls, at Indore, Dhar, and Nee- 


wrra m botb and ontu in mm whion nsLM 

much. Dr. O'Han and the other miuioo^riet vUt the leper hotpital 
bringing comfort and cheer to thoar lad tacarta and telliog them of 
Jeiui' love and the home beyond tlie grave. Our four women doctors 
treat about 30,000 patients each year. Some of the pupils from the 
schools become nurses to assist and there is one trained nurse from 
Canada at each hospital. Our doctors and nurses love the work, but 
they are so overworked that they will break down if we do not 
answer their call for more helpers. Perhaps some of the mission band 
boys and girls will answer the call and help in this noble service as mis- 
sionary doctors or nurses to India's needy sick ones. 


Our faithfid missionaries are laboring on; many of them have been 
spared to long years of service; others have been cut off by the dread 
climate of India and its consequent ills so often fatal to Europeans. 

Would any reader attempt to estimate results, however, let her 
keep in mind the many thousands of pupils who have passed through 
Christian schools and institutions; the thousands of treatments given 
year by year at the hospitals and dispensaries; the multitudes who 
have listened to the Gospel message in the villages, in the Gospel tent, 
by the wayside, at the busy street comer, in the Mission Chapel, or the 
quiet talks given by the miinionaries in the Zenanas of the high caste, 
or in the humbler homes of the low caste — to all of these has the story 
of Jesus been passed on. In untold ways the precious seed is being 
sown, and all over India can be felt the general development of a higher 
moral standard, evidenced in the desire of the native States to educate 
their girls and to foster philanthropic effort, but gratifjring, above 
all, is Uie general development of a new religious sentiment, which is 
becoming mcreasingly noticeable. All these must be be taken into 
accoimt, would one estimate results. 


1. What country are you now studying, and where is it? 

2. Tell what you know of its climate -.tnd why trying to mission- 


3. What is the number of its inhabitants? 

4. What can you tell of the life of its girls and boys? 

5. What are the religions of the land? 

6. Which is the hardest for the little girls? Why? 

7. What country sent the first Protestant missionaries to India? 

wm TBS Bovt AMD onu m ora mimion ynuM 


8. When did our church Uke up the work, and where? 

9. How many ttations and miuionariea have we to-day? 

10. How nuuiy villages in Central India, and how are they 

cared for? 

11. Why was orphange fork begun, and where? 

12. Describe a day school. 

13. Why the need of a widow's home? 

14. Where is the girls' high school? What results are hoped for? 
16. Who are the Bhils, and what work is being done? 

16. Why special need of medical women in India? 

17. Where are our hospitals? 

wm m aoTC AXB onu n om niihon muM 


Singiiit— Pi* 8*1. 14, " The Lord'* my Shepherd." 
Scripture Reedinr— " The Great Commleiinn," St Mark 10: 


KoU Call— (Retpontee: ITaiB«a of Chwch Miaaioiiarlea fai 

North Honan.) 
Siaciiic— Hjnnn S«2, <• We hare heard a Joyful aonnd." 
Leason Story. 

•Hymn—" Once Again dear Lord we Pray." 
Queitioni and Anawera on Leaaon Story. 
Oftering— (Prayer for Ood'a bleaainf on their gift) 
Sfaiging— Hymn 377, " Abide with me." 
The Lord'a Prayer. 

* Worda in " Caiin* (or Junlora," tun* DUoa, To IM wof by hv B*qd 



Away around on the other side of the world from where we live 
ik • great country called China. By its own people it ii known at 
The Middle Kingdom; the Plowery Land; the Celestial Empire; 
theHilliof Tang; and Far Cathay. , ^.. u i, ••. . 

It Is a very old country, with records reaching farther back than 
the time of Abraham. It is also very large -five million square nulet 
—about twice the siic of the whole United States with Alaska. 

There are many great rivers, two of which— the Yang-tse Kiang 
and the Hoang Ho— are among the noted rivers of the worid. Canals 
are numerous, and in many parts of China, the rivers and canals take 
the place of roads. The Grand Canal, built hundreds of years ago, 
is one of the two famous public works of China. The other, the Great 
Wall, was built, 220 B.C., as a defence for the northern fronUer against 

the nation's enemies. . .t ^ . t>i.i_ ti _ 

In the northern part of the country is the Great Plain. Here 
the land ii very fertile and covered with hundreds of small farms, 
where the farmers work during the day, returning at night to Uieir 
adobe villages. The climate is like that of New England, and wheat 
and other grains are raised. c_...i.__ 

In Central China, the climate i9 mild and raoist. Southern 
China is like Florida, and here is raised the rice which, wiUi salt fish 
and vegetables, is the ordinary food of the people. They havi many 
valuable plants and trees not found in America, among them 'he tea 
plant, camphor tree, bamboo, varnish tree, wax tree, soap tree, UUow 

" The south-eastern portion of the land is hilly, while splendid 
mountain ranges, with snow-capped peaks, are found m the south 

"^ Beides farming, the Chinese have many other industries, among 
them the making of beautiful silks. Multitudes of men, women and 
little children are employed in the culture of the silk-worm. 

Hundreds of children also help in the gathering of tea-leaves. 

The principal exports are tea, silk, medicine, firecrackers, and 
straw braid. The largest imports are cotton goods, kerosene and 


There are between three hundred and fifty and four hundred 
millions of people in this great land. Vou siils and boys can stsreely 





books on paper nLrfrom the^arl of t4es '"DurTnrt^Tr-''"'''^.''^ 


has ever since, until her d Jth SXvember IOCS L^n".'^"''' '■ *"?'' 

Se peo^" fear anHV^t» ;•. r"'''? '"'■^^'^ ''"^^ <=''=°e^s that made 
billion of 1900 «h„1, i "'^ foreigners; and caused the Boxer Re- 
of rSni ^' ''1° "^."y >n'ss'onaries were murdered or driven n,?t 

l.?e'"d"have'brenS'r;5ed''r%h'°^"^ °' ^^ ^^'"^^ "he'Empero 

both vrmTe£i« S^F -^^^^^^ 

ue grows up, and ihis is bemg done by his father, Prince Chun. 


J^utct^V^-7°"^t "t^" /?'."'?? Kreat land, and for the Church of 

floor.^' T?e ?il?s aTfof 't "^ '■^'^ .T'' ' verhan'«rea%t';'and'^eSth"„^ 
have glS? b^t^^IV/uiiy oi^^^^l^ T.iX^lf7ok'''%Z 
houses of the wealthy are built aioSnd a court yard on which the dlrs 
and X'*T T"- T''"=\''°"^^ ''^^^ ""« carvings and paintiZ 
»i™„ .^" handsome furnishings; while the houses of the ^r Te 
fnd shared"'' 'L"^ /""y. °°<= '9°'?' and that one dark, da^p aSS^;^' 
h^u !u ^ "?* P'8 *"<^ the chickens. In N^rth China each 

house has a St. le platform about two feet high, calledT kan^ under 
^^>/fh"^ \^?J' "^'•^'^'^ f" ^^ heat and cooking, the heat^eing 
IS done. The men and women of a household, except amonir thp 
■We'Jf^>h''V'"'^-^f"='y- '^'■^y =" ^t ^■"all, low tables ThI Zl 
Whtn^- hV* '*°P-'"=k=- in the use of which they become very «pS 
When mght comes they use the kang for a bed, spreading out^; 
pei-wa or comfortables, to lie upon, and putting others ov^ them 
They sleep m the yme clothes they wear during the day " 

Both men and „omen wear loose, flowing trousers and doublf 

^eTheir'p^rents':'"''' °"' "''' ^^ °"'''- ^''^ ^''=' ^"'^ ^oys^ iZ 
The childem learn to help with the work of the house Thp 
boys are taught to read and write. The poor little girls seldom have 
this advantage, but are frequently hired out to ser^ ce ^Zt^es 
t^'iTerarrTed: '°"' "°''" ^^^ "^ '^»^°'''''»- whiS'means "nS' 
,^r,. Jf'^fi' " "."^ a strong movement in China against what was 
?InHf loV^f •"?'* <=™^' P"<=«ces of the country-that of foolbtndrg 
yjl if fl^'^ ^" ?' ^u^^'""'' °f th^ '^"'^■- class, when they reached the 
age of five or six, had to suffer the terrible pain of having their fee? 

?i°.hHv- K ?'i°" ,''^°''^«^' two or three inches v^deUwoind 
drfil^,?*!,"."* ""^ '?°u' " ^"^'y direction, and every few daylwas 
drawn tighter and tighter until at last the poor little foot all ourof 
shape was small enough to fit a shoe three or four Inches fong Ld 

many places now this cruel custom is being given up 
Ti, r^ '^'■'^ *°"* ''°y' of China are much like you in many wav, 
y^^J je°. ''*^= their times for work and times for play. Tnd V"aSy 
tJuL^^ ^^'^Al ■ ^"^ sadthing, however, prevents their eve? teing 
happy as you Christian chUdren. Instead of knowing of ^rioring 


Heavenly Father and His tender care, they spend all their hves in fear 
of evil spirits. They are taught that these wicked spirits are every- 
where, in the sky, the air, the trees, and even in the beautiful flowers 
Ihe men and women fear them as much as do the children Let us 
see what the rehgion can be, that it causes the people to hve in such 


D aI^"^ "j if""*.^ principal religions of China: Confucianism, 
Buddhism, and Taoism. Every Chinaman considers himself a Con- 
fucianist but he can also be a Buddhist and a Taoist at the same time 
Confucius was a wise man who lived in Shantung, at the time 
of the Prophet Daniel. His religion taught the people to live a good, 
moral life, but told them nothing about God, and had no hope of 
Heaven. It taught a great deal about Ancestral Worship, in which 
they ah-eady believed. Tablets twelve or fifteen inches high are to 
be found in every house. On these tablets are carved the names 
ot the ancestors, and each day the family bums incense before them- 
sometimes paper clothing for use in the next world, it there is one' 
and at other times, money. Every house has also a second shrine— 
a picture of the kitchen god— which is pasted over the fire place The 
family is careful to pray to this idol every day, and to offer him sacrifices 
for they believe that he sees and hears all that goes on in the house' 
and at the end of the year carries a report of each one of them to his 
brother, the Venerable Man of the Sky." Once a year, a week before 
New Year s, the kitchen god is taken down, and while prayers and 
incense are being offered, he is burnt and so started off on his journey 
to his brother! Then on New Year's Day a new kitchen-god is put in 
His place. 

Nearly two thousand years ago Mingti, who was Emperor at that 
time, had a dream which caused him to send to India for books and 
teachers. The people of India worship Buddha, whose rehgion teaches 
the transmigration of souls. This means that after a man dies his 
spint passes into some other person, or even into some animal. The 
result of Emperor Mingti sending to India was that after a few years 
S^!fji- u' ''"^'"^'' Buddhist missionaries had come to Chintf and 
Buddhism became one of the religions of the country. 
, Tlie.religion which makes the people the most unhappy is Taoism, 
for this IS demon worship. It has a great number of gods: the god 
of wealth, god of war, god of thunder, of small-pox, and of all other 
troubles. Whenever anyone is ill it is believed that some god is angry 
and time and money is spent in trying to make him good natured 

. . J^^^s are temples all over the land, filled with idols of these 
spint-gods and their great gods Confucius and Buddha. Here the 


T^^^rH^ r.T'° come to worship and offer sacrifices and incense; 
and one of the earliest lessons taught to litUe children is just how to 
behave when taken to the temples to worship. 

Do you not long to send them Christian teachers who will tell 
if'°j°\.°i"' '1"""?, J'^t'^er, the only true God, and of His dear Son 
who died for them? When our Saviour had finished His life here on 
earth, and was about to return to His heavenly home, He gave His 
disciples this last great commission, "Go ye into all the world and 
preach the gospel to every creature." There is no one country in "all 
tne world where there are so many people still worshipping idols, 
as Chin ., and who will never know better until we obey our Lord's 
command and carry them the Good News. We have many mission- 
aries already doing so. Your own church shares in the number of 

Dr. Robert Morrison, sent out in 1807 by the London Missionary 
Soaety, was the first Protestant missionary to China. He made the 
first translation of the Bible into Chinese. 

There are now seventy-two Protestant societies working in China 
having in all about 3,500 missionaries. 

Our Presbyterian Church has three missions. North Honan, Macao, 
Shanghai, with the following Stations: 

North Honan 
Changte ho 
Wei Hwei Fu 
Hwai King Fu 
Tao K'ou 
Wu An 
Hsiu Wu 


Kong Moon 




The Province of Honan is situated in North Central China. It was 
the original Middle Flowery Kingdom" bordering on the classic 
fl°,. u Confucius, and has been one of the bitterest opponents and 
the last but one province to hold out against the entrance of the Chris- 
tian missionary. v,u.ii. 

This province has at its head a governor appointed by the Imperial 
Government at Pekin, who is resident at the Provincial Capital, Kai 
I'eng Fu In this province alone there are 1846 cities, towns and 
important viUages only 29 of which are occupied by any Christian 
mission. Population, 35.316,800. 

The location of our mission is that part of the province of Honan 


lying north of the Yellow River. It is somewhat triangular in shape, 
measuring from north to south 170 miles, from east to west 185 miles. 
It contains the prefectures of Chang-te with 7 counties, Wei Hwei with 
9 counties, Hwai King with 8 counties. Each of these 24 counties 
has its county town besides several walled cities, and hundreds of 

To rea;h Honan. — In the early days it required a laborious journey 
of about ff ur weeks from Tientsin by houseboat and cart. With the 
advent of the railway in 1905, the journey was made possible in two 
days from Tientsin. Now we may go by steamboat from Shanghai to 
Hankow, tbence by rail north to Chang-te on the Fekin-Hankow rail- 

The population of North Honan is 8,000,000, of whom the majority 
are Buddhists and Taoists, all followers of the ethical teaching of Con- 
fucius. There is a strong Mohammedan element in this part of Honan, 
and especially round Wei Hwei and Hwai King, some 5,000 at the 
latter point. The native Christians number about 2,300. 

Most of the people in the cities own land to a larger or smaller 
extent; all are foud of gardening. Spinning and weaving of silk are 
carried on, and these as ye', are done by hand. The principal articles 
of commerce are wool, skins, fur, all in the raw state; appliances for 
manufacture, as in western countries are as yet scarcely known. 

The people are largely vegetarians. Rice and meat are luxuries. 
The farming classes live together in walled villages for mutual protec- 
tion, and saving of land, one small yard being shared by several families. 
The villages are often prettily surrounded by a clump of trees. 

The Mission Staff.— The staff numbers (1912) twenty-four male 
missionaries, fifteen married women and ten single women, forty in all. 
Of these, there are five medical men and one single and two married 
medical women. 


An entrance to Honan was gained only after months of waiting and 
bitter opposition, fulfilling the prophetic words of Hudson Taylor, 
"The Canadian Church must enter Honan on its knees." Pioneer 
missionaries, Goforth and Dr. Smith, fuUowed by Dr. McClure and 
D. MacGiUivray, took up their position at Pang Chuang in 1888-9, 
a station of the American Presbyterian Board in the neighboring 
province of Chili, later moving up to Lin Ching, fifty miles nearer 
Honan, where the waited and where the first of the single women 
missionaries joined the staff in the persons of Misses M. Mcintosh 
and Graham, trained nurses, and the study of the language was 
begun. The male missionaries, meantime, began their adventurous 
journeys by cart into Houan, preaching and healing by the wayside, 
seeking a permanent entrance, if possible, into a Fu dty. They 




found, however, they must settle "where they could, not where they 
chose," and were joyful at securing rented property in the market 
town of Chu Wang, 1890, then again at Hsin Chen, and not till 1894 
was a permanent entrance gained into the capital city of Chang-te. 

Evangelistic and medical work were established, and though trying 
and constant opposition was met, the work grew. Then came that 
terrible testing time of the Boxer uprising. In our own mission, though 
none suffered death, many faced cruel torture rather than deny their 
Lord, and after dire persecution, these became the nucleus of the native 
Christian Church in Honan, which to-day numbers several thousand. 

All our missionaries escaped with their lives after grave hardships 
and many wounds. The mission property at Chu Wang and Hsin 
Chen was totally destroyed. At Chang-te, the two mission houses and 
the chapel were turned into Chinese forts, and afterwards restored. 
The Chinese Government paid indemnity for all that was lost. 

When work re-opened better centres were available at the capital 
cities of Chang-te, Wei Hwei and Hwai Kii g. 

Since then iwo new stations have been added, Tao K'ou and Wu 
An, both walled cities and a sixth is being opened at Hsiu Wu. At 
these six stations the mission property lies a short distance outside one 
of the city gates; there you will find our missionaries houses within 
a walled enclosure of some acres each, with its garden of flowers, trees 
and vegetables being as much like Canada as they are able to make 
it in a land where all around suggests strange and heathen customs. 

On the mission grounds you will also find a collection of native build- 
ings, these are: at Changte the men's and women's hospitals and dis- 
pensaries, girls' boarding school, boy's primary school, and a brick church, 
"Knox," with its rooms for the men and for the women's classes; at 
Wei Hwei a men's hospital and dispensary, high and normal school for 
boys, girls' primary boarding school, and a brick church building. 
"Rosedale"; at Hwai King the hospital and dispensary, boys' primary 
school and chapei, etc. ; at Tao Kou and Wu An the buildings are in 
process of erection, including chapel, medical and school buildings, 
and missionaries houses. 

All these buildings indicate a busy life for our missionaries. Added 
to all the care of training classes is the street and chapel preaching in 
the heart of these great cities Numbers of Chinese pastors and Bible- 
women are now ready to help and go with the missionaries as they 
travel about among the villages. It is the aim of the mission and of 
the native Christians to make their church support itself and as soon as a 
group ot Christians is able it builds a chapel and supports a preacher or 
teacher. Even at villages where they have no regular pastor some 
leading Christian will take charge. We are told of one point Lishiat'an, 
thirty miles from Chang-te where lives a Mr. Miao, he came four 
years ago to Chang-te and asked to study the Bible He was a poor 



uneducated man but he returned to his village determined to preach 
and read to his villagers. They were all opposed to him, but to-day 
bis own wife and family and connections are Christians. During the 
busy months of summer Mr. Miao attends to his farm, then hands over 
the duties to his brother and devotes himself to preaching. In a comer 
of his yard is a small room used as a meeting place on Sunday and as a 
living and sleeping rot.n for the pastor or visiting missionary. 
The room is filled every evening for service and sixteen boys and yoimg 
men are studying the Bible. 

In another district where our missionaries wer^ touring they were 
surprised to find the chief magistrate of a county send out the follow- 
ing written command to every village in his district. "There are no 
gods; the gods were invented by sages of old to frighten you ignorant 
people, or if there be a God, He is not covetous hke the gods you wor- 
ship, for then He would not be as good as men. I forbid you to con- 
tinue the worship of idols, the burning of incense or the firing of guns in 
honor of the gods. If you persist in so doing, I will not only fine but 
imprison and beat you as well." 

Our missionaries letters and reports are full of just such incidents as 
these. China is finding out her gods aie but of wood and stone. Slowly 
but surely the message of the living God is being accepted and the 
Christian Church of China is becoming a power in the land. We must 
pray earnestly that Honan may proclaim Christ King. 


The work among the boys and girls should be of special interest to 
our Mission Bauds and Sunday Schools. If we win the boys and girls 
of China to love Christ it will mean that many of their parents will 
listen and in a few years these boys and girls will have Christian homes 
of their own, and take their places in the work of the Church in China 
in a way that the older men and women cannot. 

China is aui jus to establish schools throughout the land, but has 
not enough trained teadiers and is looking to our mission schools 
for supply. She is also sending young men in large numbers and a few 
young women to Japan, England and North America to be educated in 
western ways and come back able to teach her people in the new high 
schools, universities, hospitals and training schools to be established. 

The Christian mission schools are turning out Christian teachers as 
fast as they can, and our hope is that the many hundreds of Chinese 
studying abroad may return with a knowledge of Christianity. The 
College Y.M. and Y.W.C.A.'s. of our land are aiming to come in touch 
with these Chinese voung people and are seeing that the influence they 
meet with in Christian lands is for the bet. As an instance of the pos- 
sMifies of &^ Chfntese boyi^— the son bf CWb Bt ttir Chinese mission- 



for girls' schools. It has not been thpir.^. ^'""'41 ^'■' ""' »° "'"''<»» 
them to look down on iK Is even to ret J^^^^^ Their religion teaches 
many or are too poor to kirn tt,.i^ °' "'""'"•"=>' '"'ve too 

never see their hTmesagan It hthe^hn^^H^'n^A •'"''' "t ""^^ «"<» 
to send their girls to school so It ic ?;,^.i " ^^"?'.^ ''''° "« *"""« 
attend our schools, a°thouTh manv noichJJ ^"'' ^"^ ^^' '"'° 

school restSr;t'*«S;as'ch"i?H''"2^' '^"l' '° «°'«''' *<> be under 
in Chinr "P«<='''"y as children do much as they please at home 

ian homes where many happy yea^^re ™n»^'^2!v*^.7 "eChrist- 
the summer and at the Chinese NewVo,r.h^!i-M ^\^°^<^^y timps in 
see their parents and fSs a ad teTl Yh^mI „ 1?^''l'■''° 1°''= '° 8° '■°'"« to 
girls of how they now go with unbounH f^». u"' ^7 "L*^' '^«™«<1: ">« 
for their own bodi« hv hLvl- j '*^'' ^^^P '•'« house clean, care 

China/ Th^y do „^tunder^"5tw ?%'''•• V^'"«' "*"' '«'°'^^» 
and self-control they musfexercle tie h„H„f!i l""" '^"•'^ i° «t«°"°° 
d tion. On account rf^tbSg^„' China^lt^ir^M '" •'^^"^V ^n- 
play and exercise and Miss Pvke feli^ ,7. l^ ' 1"^ ^'"^ ' """"^ '>"Ie of 
girl takes her turn in houlew^rk tll^^ ^^^^ *?"" .'° '* ''""'y- Each 
cooking the food, washing '™nL,^^P//°'7l^"?' ^""^ '°o™ tidy, 
Chinese boys and gWs bZet^ZL'"'^ he Pmg in the garden! 
habit of meraorijing helps EreaUvan^„T"°."l'' ^^1 Chinese ancient 
lessons they commi" to lemo^„ilr^'^°?*''°.^='''^''-«K"'ar school 
win our Sukday fehoolVol^"^ f^^^^^ of scripture. Many easily 
vemd in our BiSS W^ w?lf the^Te^ n"^ leave school L weU 
Church history. The main ^in^^!, iif fi, ?''"f*' ?"^ something of 

atten^dan^ce."!^lsf"^kf "t'lL'^^e^e^'^'^'n*^™"'^^^ "« -""> 
1906 is helped by a Chinee Christian ?«?■, '"'"P l'°'=« " °P""'d i" 
who took a special course tnPek"n° ' "'" "'' * P"P" *'='=''=' 

29 on *t^';o?r Afterfc*;^ ^'r'i' '^"""l ^.'^'^ by Mrs. Mitchell has 
may pas,, on to ctangt^for Zre ad,in^^^'°"T '''!;^ *^= °'''" p"» 
Pekin as two or three of ow- J?r!s h^^d^e Z°jK^'^ *"" ^° °" *« 



This means she is to beX heldif thVduL" and wit gf"^"?"^ '«'"'. 
r^lient""' '""""^ -nection.a/d^terslTt?irb?a"c"h^S 

The Chinese women and girls are not secluded u they are in India, 



and will sometimes allow a male doctor to freot th..« k... .i. 
^ m.n^*"'' our doctors make the best of their surroundings glad That 


fortv Chin^ . '° *™"' "P 'Christian Chinese nurses. There are 

«sisted by a number of Christian Chinese nurses What a 

A^l'^ "' ''°'",^' ••'"' '^'y "^ i" * distant province and Xt are 
these among a population of 400,000,000? "vmti ana wnat are 


far back dJ^^irhistory^'datT" "^ """^ ^'^"'"' '"■°-' "'l "- 
mid c^st"ms" °^°^' "'"P'' """ '" ^•''°''- ''■'^t "= tt"' *i^f industries 

3. How is the country ruled, and who is the present ruler? 

4. Who was Confucius? 

5. What religion makes them so unhappy, and why? 
a. Name some of the idols commonly worshipped. 

did be 














a^mpTsh?''' ""' P'°'"'""' mi5s-on.ry, and what great work 

wasTegur.frst"""°"' '"" "" ^''"^'' '" ^''''"' '"«' ""ere.. 

How would you go to North Honan? 

Tell of its extent and people. 

Was Honan difficult to enter, and how was it accomplished? 

Name on map present centres of work. 
^How many missionaries arc there? Indicate some of the work 

Why is work among the boys and girls so important in China 
Tell something of the girls in Changte-te school 
Tell of the work at Wei Hwei schools for both boys and girls. 
What medical work is there in Honan? Why the need> 
Name two great needs in the extension of medical work in 
How is the opportunity being met? 




Singing— Hymn 358, " Jeiui Stud Among Ui." (Sung Softly) 

Scripturo Reading in Concert— John 10 : 1-16. 


Singing— Hymn 454, " O Whce are the Reapera?" 

Leiton Story. 

Recitation — " Chriitian, Hearken I none hai taught them."* 

Offering and Prayer. 

Questions and Answers on Lesson Story. 

Roll Call— Responses: (Animals of the Bible) .f 

Singing— Hymn 368, " Sun of my Soul." 

The Lord's Prayer. 

• Africa for Juniors, p. 02. 
tLcaflet — AnimlU of the Bibl*. 


I Macao mission at once suggests the name of China's fi'^t protestant 

I missionary, Robert Morrison. Here he began his work for the London 

I Missionary Society. Here too came Wilhum Milne the first translator 

o( the scriptures in Chinese, Dr. Peter Parlcer the first medical mission- 

f ary and Dr. Hobson who founded the first hospital. 

Iv* Macao is a Portuguese colony and in the early days missionaries from 

Christian lands found it possible to land there, study the langUH>,(' and 
then proceed to other centres to open up their work. 

The delta at the mouth of the Canton River of which Macao forms a 
part, is one of the most thickly populated spots in the world. Within a 
space of ninety miles long and fifty wide many millions find a home. All 
the Chinese in Canada come from this delta. This is the chief reason for 
our mission locating here that we may keep in touch with the Chinese 
who come and go from Canada back to their homes, and because of 
this connecting Unk with Christian lands. Canton province is considered 
one of the most hopeful. 

The country has a wonderful charm with broad stretches of plain 
all worked like a garden, fairly high ranges of hilts and rivers 
intersecting. These plains are dotted with groves of bamboo, banana, 
orange, sugar cane, rice fields, mulberry fields with strange Chinese vil- 
lages, large and small, nestling at the foot of every hill. The several 
rivers that form the estuary are highways of commerce and on either 
side cities are strung like beads on a thread For some months of the 

' year the moist heat is trying, only the lightest clothing can be worn. 

I as in Tndia, fans have to be kept going in the houses and only the 

I night brings relief. 

Otir missions lie 80 miles inland from Macao, at a large city Kong 

(Moor,'i !^ the headquarters of oiu' work. The mission property 
lie* trfi .i:ln -.o th east of Kong Moon city, at the port of Kong Moon. 
Prci tti V ' ' (41 difficult to secure, and though the mission began in 
1902 the buildings are only now being erected and consist of three mis- 
sionary houses, a hospital for men and one for women called :he "Mar- 
ian Barclay Memorial" hospital gift of the women of Montreal. 

There are several other large cities in this district in which we are 

trying to secure land to build, eight of these cities have been entered 

and tome of them are two or three times as large as Kong Moon. In 

I Shak-Ki, a dty of 200,000, a splendid work has opened up and is 

! carried on in "Knox' Church, the gift of one of our Canadian Churches. 

Tbv A) vlcu at% tlA't/uiE^ with nlien and wUiueii who li^t^ attenflvely 

l^W -'•■■'T'^'^* 







scarcely a communion service Da«e» h„* ♦!,. 

■ ""''Cn^S'^ ^'*"=°f ''««>^kinX bapt Lm '" "" ""^ °^ '"°'' ''°""='' 
Another city. San-Oi nf inn nnn „ i • 

Port Kong Moon and work haMnl^^j'Vh" ~""«^t«d by rail with 
From these centres work has ooene^n in . " " ''„'"<^<=«sful church, 
all som, preaching places are reoorie^ a"*'' "l^^^^^'' *°d '^i'i«=- '■> 
have bei . opened up through M,e7e?^,r!f^f ""^?^^ °' "'"^ villages 
and the United Stat^ taught in our Sun^,' i1""S '^'^i?"^^ f*-"" Canada 
.ans in Canada gave last year »3 734 ?ohefo^hr''- J^^ ^^'""^'^ Christ- 
^untryinen in the Macao Mission Mr vi.^ "r^u^ ^"'°"« ^^" '<="«»" 
the United States is oa^nr »f h^ ' ^'P' * Chmese Christian from 

Mr Chin Kin P^i fro'm Calgary h°rchTr« of'" ""S'^'T' " «^ "o" 
Others might be mentioned Imong Sem Mr YuZ sS?"" I' "^ ^°^- 
left Toronto "to tell his oeoole in thp h„™ i J"?" Shmg who recently 
taught me and whose I am Md ih^™"?^'*""^ °. ^^ Saviour you have 
make our mission worth whil^ ' ^'"^^- Purely such results 


Shek^^^n^^Tl^r To"ur1iS^.°sar°"? ""k^"^' "' Santa Ui. 
Pie Toz, Kong Moon and Kong M± Port w^h'" '''«"",^' Shek-Ki 
These are under Miss Dickron's car^ tZa ""? "" "™l>nent of 97. 
we referred to before, is the tocher at pfe Tof "^' ^%"^P '"'om 
have gone on to boarding school at Canton t^„ ^"^ ?' *'"=^* «"^ 
M.SS Dickson and her Biblewomanv&t these sdZf" '°' ''"'*'''«• 
and encourage the teacher vi«!t ■•li/u i. ? schools once a month 

Many of th^r moth^rfa"' rdol'^or'Sfipper °' "^^ ''''"^» ""^ ''"-"^ 
smaU^J's" Wi^L'^th'^i^ce^S'?-^^^^^^^^^ "' whom are 

are learning to love Christ but as m none have"?,^"" °J *''? ^"^" «''"' 
of their parents objecting Pta v for th«. „ ^"?- ''^P""'^ because 
may prove faithful Many m^r^ schoS, fnrT^"^ '^"^J^^^", **" ^^'y 

wK"arho~?d£ S™F/". -^ -■- 


million «rf . hrif, thenf h tu\4Li n'eS'S?'^"^,^^^''™'' «"". »« 




1. Where is Macao Mission? 

2. Why is the name famous? 

3. Why did our church begin work here? 

4. Name the stations, and how many missionaries are there? 

5. Have we any medical work, and where? 

6. What schools are there for boys and girls, and how is the work 
earned on? 

7. Instance the help Chinese Christians are who return from 

8. What are the Chinese Christians doing in Canada for this 




Shanghai is one of China's greatest as a commer- 
d^centre, noted over the Christian world as a great missionary centre. 
Here aU our nussionanes land whether they go inland to Honan or south 
IL^^-J^^ while awaitmg their steamer get their first glimpse of 
the great mission work m which they are to share. Here too thi.^ will 
make their first purchase of Chinese text-books and necessary European 
furnishings or provisions for their home which cannot be got i^ land 
The city of Shanghai is situated on the bank of the river Hwang- 
poo, tw^ve miles from where it empties into the Yiangtse. Less 
toM half a century ago It was a third rate Chinese town, to-day ships 

?i- '^'^T?*V°".^^? *?■"*' P*°P'* °f ^""y avilized race are found 
there. Its location IS in a low fertile plain intersected by innumer- 
Chfn.'^nA ?°^-^ by many quaint bridges. The city is in sections, 
fi^T^'u'* '"T*"' *5.l '""^^ '^"' '" P''""*. German, American 
and British quarters. These are representative " types of the best and 
the worst that western civilization has to offer Chiia " The native 
aty is poorly built, dirty, with here and there conspicuous temples and 
occasional mission premises or a restful garden, famous among which is 
tte teahouse and garden from which has come the willow patterned 
china with its oft told story. K-naucu 

1 J ^?t ^" ^' ^' steamer on which our missionaries cross from Canada 
lands them some miles from the dty, but a tender brings them up the 
muddy nver into the heart of the business section, just opposite the cus- 
toms house where all baggage is passed and any necessary dues are paid. 
I-actones and nulls of all kinds line the shores, while on the river itself 
are sampans, junks, lighters, house-boats (chinese and foreign), tenders 
irarships, steamers flying flags of every description. That part of the 
aty where our missionaries land is as near European as a mixture of 
Chinese, Japanese, German, French, American, and British can make it 
Street cars, carnages, jinrickshaws and wheelbarrows are the modes of 
transporUtion through the thronging streets, which have the advan- 
tage over the Chinese section of the city of being wider and better built 
It may be the foreign policeman in our foreign section will strike you 
as rather strange for he is a Sikh brought from India for that purpose 
and there are several hundreds of them. But there are many queer 
sights to be seen, for your eye is of course strange to oriental life and 

T, -.-^ J?* "•"■'^eway along the Bund are to be found the bank offices, 
British Consulate and many other high buildings, reminding one of 
UUngs British in type, but as one passes into other streets, Nanking 
Road, Broadway, Range Road, Pekin Road, etc., China becomes more in 
evidence. On some streeu are many lovdy fordgn residences and fine 



hP n„;.r °t''="J«"iPt"ie stores where everything "under the sun" may 
h^^^f'^'*- ^"^ " V°" "*■"• *" '""K" groceries may be ha" or 
here IS a foreign dry goods store, but the eye quickly catches the heathen 

bum Z fe'^nif?"!' %' ''"^''' of'the store'hdi ince^e which's 
K^^ . *. *"'' 5''*'!''"' °' '*■* ™°°°- Of- wandering out from the 

^n ri n^'n'"^ °''" ^^ ^^* ''°""^y- •hese are graves, a common sigh 
»vereS wi?h h,°mW^ ^T "" * '?"'"'f"' ^''^te with spacious grouSds 
covered with bamboo or other native trees or the cedars and maples of 

.„H ^™'T"'''e™ yo" 80 there is .ndless life and bustle, all kinds 
^r.lfn^'^ ''■°'° "" '°°?' "jiserableUtUe lad in rags ---ose smile and 
furflLf' ri P^'^"'°' '•*'» t° y°" as a child wnom you would 
hn^^rt f f V ^t"" "l"i«'' ""^ '^'^ '^'•i°<»« beggar woman limpfag n 
o»rri»J*^*'i,'° "'f^thy respectable Chinese woman driving in her 
S^gedboy " •" ""'''' ^""^ sympathy just as much*a^ Sie 
On the outskirts or down near the busy factories and mills come 
wheelbarrows laden with six or eight women, each retuminr from her 
day's work. Many natio lajties pass yu, ich bearing SI stamo of 
his own country or class u. -1 you imagine you ha^lSln^'ovSVe 


There are many large public buildings you would be interested in 
seeing especially of a missionary character, for Shanghai h S^h^d 
quarters of much good work. Here is the Missionary Home under Mr 
Evan s care where any missionary stranger is welcome, the China Inland 
Mission buildings where, too the misionary is always wdcome Her- 
rT lii^^^•^^•^•^^'?,•?"'^'°8 with its workers r^idlnce^, tie V.Vf'. 
C.A., the Missionary AUiance, the British and Foreign BibirSociety 
House, the America Mission Press which turns out thous^ds ofp^ees 
of missionary hterature for all denominations. This S^^ has now 

T^^lUZZrT °' '''''°'y ^-^^'"i^ '' ''"<» >>" done a wofk uneq^aHed 
in the annals of missions or in the history of the development of he 
art of printing. Almost every missionary has dealings wUh the pris 
Letters pour in daily from all parts of China for copief of the scriptu^^ 
or tracts. I^Chmese force numbers about 100 men. For many year^ 
a Chinese R-esbyterian elder has served as cashier "and wh"l 
hundreds of thousands of dollars have passed through his hands it il 

r^'n,™""? ,'i^' ^ ?'°«'* ^°"" ^"^ *^" been misappropriated - The 
Commercial Press is another large establishment o^ed and managed 
by Chinese who do aU kinds of printing; their output of te°t""kfS 
large now, what wiU it be when schools are er'ablisheS all ov" the^iSd? 



vSsitr« ASlrf^i ?^' ''^' ^°S knowledge in her schools and u^ 



tJmo tCl.. „ ""Hire, lo tnese also our missionaries rive what iiimtno 
Ume they can spare. They attend the " Union Church/' anTuiouS. h 


many branches of city mission work are help.:d or begun. We will 
mention only one of the most pathetic, "The Door of Hope" a mission 
home where Chinese girl waifs and slaves are rescued who have been 
brougnt to Shanghai for sale to wicked people. Mrs. MacGillivray's 
story of "Little Disappointment" (see "Tidings," May, 1910) gives a 
picture of one of these sad hearts. To-day the smile has come back, 
life has a bright side to it, she has found a friend, two friends, the mis- 
sionary and Jesus. 

Thus China's needs are being made known and how many sided they 
are. Someone has gathered up all her needs into three words "A New 
Civilization." Chinese boys and girls are living almost in a "wonder- 
land" so great are the changes from what their fathers and mothers knew 
when they were young. But there is a danger line and we to whom God 
has given the responsibility of moulding their lives must watch. Her 
schools and colleges are but in the new-making, the printed page is 
reaching out to every comer of the empire, even where the human voice 
of the missionary has not reached. We must see to it that the trend is 
Christian, for only then will China's boys and girls of to-day, her young 
men and women of to-morrow mean a new Chinese nation whose 
fotmdations are based on the teachings of Christ. 


1. Why is Shanghai important to our church? 

2. Where is it ? and tell something of it as a city. 

3. Name some of the classes of people you will meet 

4. Name some of the important mission buildings. 

5. Which is the oldest mission press? and tell what you can about it. 

6. What special branch is our church interested in, and what 
missionary represents us? 

7. Why are the missionary societies printing so many books? 

8. Is anything special being done for the boys and girls in this 

9. What is the "Door of Hope?" 

10. Where is the danger line in China to-day, and where should 
we stand? 




Singing— Hymn 262, " Onwtrd, Christiaii Soldiers." 

Scripture Reading— St. Matthew 5 : 1-10. 
•RoU Call— (Responses: The Girls of the Bible.) 

March— (Each child drop offering into pUte when passins 
desk.) •— ~— • 

Prayer after Offering. 

Singii«-Hynm 263, " Oh Safe to the Rock that is higher than 

I>esson Story. 

Questions and answers on Lesson Stoty. 

Singing— Hymn 370, « Softly now the Light of Day." (Snne 
softly.) ' 

Prayer— O God, who hast made of one blood all nations of 
men to dwell on the face of the earth, and didst send 
Thy blessed Son to preach peace to them that are afar 
off and to them that are nigh, grant that all the people 
of heathen lands may seek after Thee and find Thee- 
and hasten, O Lord, the fulfilment of Thy promise to pour 
out Thy Spirit upon all flesh, through Jesus Christ our 
_ ^''- Amen. 

•e.e. Hw^r, MlrUm, "Th« Little," (N.»m.n), Esther, J«ru,' Daughter, 


Japan is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, it is an is- 
land empire made up of five large islands and four thousand small ones. 
Four of the large ones, Hondo, Yezo, Kyushu and Shikoto form a crescent 
bending to the west. The smaller ones stretch far to the north and to the 
south of this crescent, with Formosa the large ne at the extreme south- 
em point. The climate varies from the intense cold of the northern- 
most islands to the tropical heat of Formosa. 

The scenery of all the islands is magnificent, great mountains and 
valleys covered with exquisite flowers and shrubbery, all surrounded by 
the beautiful blue waters of the the Pacific Ocean. So devoted are the 
Japanese to flowers that they call the name of each month by a flower 
or shrub which blossoms at tbat time of year. They have great flower 
festivals, one of the most beautiful of which is "Cherry Blossom" 
in April. 


Formosa is one of the loveliest of the islands. The word itself means 
"beautiful" island, and was given by the Portuguese. It has only 
belonged to Japan since 1895 when China gave it up after the last 
war between those two countries. The greater part of the population 
is Chinese, about 2,SOO,000 of the 3,000,000. Japan was anxious to 

?et hold of the island for immigration purposes, and already about 
5,000 Japanese have found a home on the island. 

Formosa stretches nearly 300 miles from north to south and 80 
miles east and west. Throughout it runs a high mountain range. The 
forest clad mountains abound in camphor trees and are the source of the 
world's supply of camphor. Delicious tropical fruits abound, and 
quantities of rice and tea are grown. Flowers of a great variety are 
found everywhere and the lovely easter lily which we prize so highly 
grows on the mountain sides. In the clearances are found the tea gar- 
dens and fields of sugar cane with the refineries not far off. Then 
there are the rice fields which form the staple food. A farm is small 
and the fields not enclosed by fences, but by little mounds of earth which 
serve to hold the water. Bight or ten acres is considered a large farm. 
From two to three rice crops are gathered in a year. 

Villages small and great dot the island besides several large cities, 
each of from ten thousand upward, Tai Peh, the capital fourteen miles 
from our station, has almost i50,G(K), mostly Japanese; t\ro Chinese 
dties closely adjdin it making the totftl popotECtfOn o^^r 100,000. 



The Savage Tribes 

p^h ,?.! "^ ''^'. """ed an enemy and brought home his skull 
Each village has its narrow platform on which the skulls nfthl: 

co^p1^fp^aut,?l'rptuL^' '" ""'"• ^""-'""^ their^face*^ wUh 

home ^'" °"° «° °*f '""'^"«' the women wirk at 

The Chinese 
The Chinese form the bulk of the population in Formosa Thpir 

r n«Te mo^^^^"" '^r "? t^e Chinese on ?hrmSnd„^Th 
a I.ttle more freedom and toleration. They are indeoendent Zr,7\ 

upe? S?;in'"and'",n%''\'% ^heir religion is full of'tie same'do atry' 
superstition and ancestral worship as in China nroner Thpir 
religion seems, however, to affect them little excenfwhon. hi 
m\,^TI- ""=' •'^ propitiated to stop plague or faUureo? crop 
1^'"^ *"",?' gr^t processions are held and offerings made to the 
gods. One branch of the Chinese known as Hak Kas nr^tr^ZJzt 
came from Canton district and were the eariS invade.^ tli^v^ 

wom^'^Vh^e Hal"^"'°i;'" '""K'","- fantaS/;;- hai'dretfn'g'ortheir 
«r^^"„ . i H?k Kas have pushed into the mountain districts and 
cany on trade with savages in camphor and other industrie" They 



decorations. From the ceiling vm,, r-hi^. ■ . ' '' "™ ■ '** 


Ae Japanese 
tion,"^' {hf Silnr T^l^^l'" ?"^' "V-nben. and hold the chief posi- 

teaches that at AtJthlZ ^°^tP' ^"^^^ beheve also in Buddha who 
acceoterf" r'Sri?. •°' .?' Japanese whc lave come to Formosa have 


P«tor, and aU Chriftifn t«ch ° ' w« t^n'^' ^l"^" " train najv.' 
dr^ yean Fonnosa was wS.ou?*th"^.Xi ."hT'l-"", ''^^ '*° »"«- 
Presbytenan missionaries in 1«K .^,5^ ,oiS'" tnglanj sent some 
began woik. It waTamwl J^ "^'^ '? '^^^ our Canadian cWh 

difficulties which fa^ed him a st^an«r^n T^t 'P'^^fidly equal to the 
looked on the bright side of » rf^m * u '° * strange land. He alwavi 
Chinese hatred .nd bi°an cuihv"hif| "li'^^^^S '° ""= P^^ence of 

the Chnstian world for the work hrw^.^M^T™ '*'"°"» »" ovS 
Chinese learned to love him Ir, i t, "" *'''* '° accomplish The 
before he had a band of naUvf studf„S'^«'=; J?" '' "" ^t long 
and placed over viUage <±wches w?, Wn "^"r' •""" *''°™ »■« twined 

toslay as oXf Co°Ie^° *^' ^°"°« °^"="- This College is kTw^ 
^nce^^W^Sfom"" '"a^tS'" j^his work and our staff has 
Mr. MacKay. who ha^just mSTp'^rr" °' ?"' S"' missionar^ 
coUege couree in Canada anrf ^^f ^°'"^°^ after completing his 
mother and two sisters "ie'MvinfZfr ^l" '^t^""'! "o* Hi's' 
Christ in our mission. * °* ""^^ ''^es to the service of 

» ^^°-^tf"°^tirVelit'"s'^rfi^7 ^"^^i^. «-=' >-''«i 

finS^'^J' ^';?^"^"°™"ers. Ifto^weretoJ-^, ?-"^'='''°« 5'^"°'" 
find 0»ford College, MacKay HosDkairnH,.- "" ^'""''" y°" "ould 
several missionaries' homes and a hiM.^'?P^°=*^' t""* Girls' School 
of the students who ^^to b<.rni,. ' ^'^'°'"« ^^°°^ for the^v« 
bring his wife and fam7> andX wi^e'Ti^.n ^ """^^S' ""' °f'« 

~«ed and a waiting ^^^^^.^;'^S^tr^,^^ 


"^ "" "*" *"'' *""" '" '"'" ""'*""* "•"• «' 

MacKay'i daughter, takes worsh/n w?,i, £ ^?- "'»»• 'h* '»'* Dr 
not there. ThS women take7ur„ri^''' """" "*«" "" "'" > i. 
the home. Some .tay one .^m-^rKP^P"""* '^e meals am k, , ,., 
homechurchefMhelpw.'" '*""- "'hers two, then go back to theif 

come to Sun'day a*.^'! ir^o^^^L'^ ^^'J'K °" »''»'<>". but they 
Bible Many ,imd „„ read^foH^HVI'' "^^^ ""™ '° '«d the 

for Ch'n^"girWmTweTvl";eir, o^ '"" " " '»"<^-<^ «*oo. 
'or a term of thrS vm« tv f • ?*' "Pward. They Mter 
them and it is natuST thSTuicv ih ^'?^ ° "'' " quite ^aew to 
especially was this " oTthe t^To iUtlJ « " "^F' ""'' homeSct 
tnbe. They appeared at fh, n!^, r ' '*™«* K"'* <>' the Atava 
«o strangely in sW^e Arb of h^'. °' °'"' "*°°' « y^^^ »Ko dreS 
them and they are dirng well oTe haS^'f" "\''"'" '^'" kindnS^Ton 
m her place which shows Se savaee ?rii^*°.t°T ''"* """"-^ came 
missionaries are doing Let ^ hnr,.^^' """^ "«" °f what our 
,^«"7 t°,the mis4nif<^-"Usage^o7tr^"r "^ ""~"« 
some forty-four girls in the schoof f M .. \ ?""*" There are 
lessons are quite difficult, thev studv' .hi ^"^y^ ^.'?«'" P"P''»- The^ 
anese government sSmU ^^"c'lri.f'^'"' ^"^''^^ «« i" the Jap- 
learn to read in their miOve tTneue^h If ■ ^^''^'''« <^^<='i- The'l 
required «> there is a young woi^'n frn™ " ^^'f"^' J"P^°«« » aUo 
w. Japan assisting. A few of X^Srn "."^ °' "« "'ss'on schools the assUtance of a ^"tion*" the giris^'teLl''" '"• '^™ Eng~h 
affairs of the school Tt-.TT • ?'"* *ake turns in the domncti,. 

trained ChristUn^rls who T t'^T°"^rL^°^ »° '"™ °"^^^n 
homes and helpful to otheri Thl '\'" ^ ^^ example in their 
mterested in aV'thaVour ;„; Ji'„7J" '° if'^l' '"''i 'V^Pathetic and 
On hearing about the Chinese ?»m7^ tl "'*'" °' "«*« from afar 
gave over J20. and i^ a v^rthLt m/' ^"^ ^'""^^ ^^''^ "^ they 
somewhat curious. They W-mfll?^ "*? '° ""^ ''°ys and girb 

P-<i o. ^ter -.Unt brmet.eril1oTh^,^-^w. £. 



way they saved enough rice to make up their gift to the starving 
Chinese. Our building is too small and we are hoping soon to have 
one with accommodation for ninety. 

In addition to this work our women missionaries visit the women 
and children of the town in their homes, sing and read to them, and 
give them lessons in reading. Pew Chinese women can read and 
they do appreciate being taught. The Bible is of course the text-book. 
When there is time to spare from classes the missionaries go out into 
the village districts. 

Here is a touring picture which our missionaries often take. " When 
we go out to the villages we carry with us our cot beds and food for 
the week as well as a tiny organ which can be carried in a trunk. The 
people gather about us and we sing and sing all the old familiar hymns 
so new to them, "Jesus loves me," "When He cometh," then we read 
a while or talk to them of Jesus and His love. Some of the women 
will have walked miles to hear us, carrying their babies on their backs, 
but alas I there are many within villages and cities who care not whether 
we come or not and we often feel saddened. Then we recall the passage 
from the New Testament: — 

"When Jesus saw the multitudes he was moved with compassion 
and said to his disciples, pray ye the Lord of the harvest that He will 
send forth laborets to His harvest. " 


Our staff of missionaries in North Formosa is not very large, only 
fourteen (including wives and four single women) for one and a half 
millions of people. They are giving their time largely to the training 
of young men and women from among the Chinese, who will be teachers 
of their own people. ' Venty-three students are in attendance at the 
Theological College, lamsui, and a union Anglo-Japanese College is to 
be founded at Tai-peh, which will strengthen the work. Already at 
over fifty preaching stations a resident native evangelist lives with his 
family. He conducts al! religious services, teaches the villagers to read 
in their native tongue, the Bible being his text-book, and seeks in many 
ways to be helpful. The native church has begun a home-mission fund 
for the widows and orphans of Chinese pastors. Most of the pastors 
have to subsist on very small salaries. 

In the medical department our one doctor, Dr. Ferguson, treats 
over 5000 patients a year, including those visited in their homes. The 
present hospital is small and many patients have to remain in the inns 
until a bed is vacant. While there the evangelist or Bible-woman 
visits them and they become familiar with the name of Christ. The 
" MacKay Memorial Hospital " is about complete and will be more 
adequate to the need. This new hospital is located at the city of Tai- 


S^hiw J»1!"^°l2'> l^^ "*''" '^'«s by rail from Tamsui. It is 
Stv n'tiSf. '^f headqarters of the mission will be in this cap til 
city, now that entrance is possible. Meantime Dr. Fereuson is t?a?n 

rSie'dScJw^^*"?'' ''?.' '^""°}!^f°r another doctorZdn.^Ve:Ld 
a medical woman from Canada to help him 

modB^'hn.ti^l''* !l'"l ""*•'■■ PfOK'-e'S've methods are estabUshing 
modem hospitals in the large cities of Formosa. How much it wm.lH 
mean .f the nurses could be trained in a Chrisdan hospit"" ^^ 

cMitii UT°.f ^"^ working hard to build up Formosa as a modem 
C?ri^i.r ^^^^ *?'' commerce. They are sympathetic wUh the 

ainerence. We as a church must be in earnest and work while it is 


1. Where is Japan, and of what is the country composed? 

2. On which iislant. is our mission? 

populLl^°cotS??'"'* ^°"^°^ 0P,inally belong, and of what does 

4. What are the chief industries of the island? 
for thfm?^' " """""^ ^^ "**"' '"^^^ '"''"•" ^"^ "''»* 's being done 

caused'Sa1;?tyr°^%X«e"?°- '''"'*' ^'^ ''■'^''-^^^ 

7. What missions occupy, and where? 

8. Who was George LesUe Macfcay, and why is the name honored? 
». How many missionaries have we in Formosa? 

^^^ 10. Name the headquarters of the mission, and kinds of work carried 

11. What opportunity is there for work among boys? 

12. Tell what you can of the girls' school. 

13. Where is "Mackay Memorial" Hospital? 

14. Name the great needs in the extension of medical missions. 




Singing— Hymn SS7, " I Love to Tell the Story." 

Scripture Reading— St. Luke 4 : 16 -22. 


Bible Reading — Medical Missions as found in the Bible. 

Lesson Story. 

*Singing— Hymn 263, " O Safe to the Rock that is higher than L" 

Questions and Answers on Lesson Story. 

March — (Each child drop offering into plate while passing 

Prayer after Offering. 

Singing— Hymn 337, " Jerusalem, My Happy Home." 

Prayer— O God, the sovereign good of the soul, who requirest 
the hearts of all Thy children, deliver us from all sloth in 
Thy work, all coldness in Thy cause; and grant us by 
looking unto Thee to rekindle our love, and by waiting 
upon Thee to renew our strength, through Jesus Christ 
our Lord. Amen. 

* May be sung as solo and chonis. 


the ^;S'Air„^o^^^^c£S?''n^» "k' " »™ from 
"Hennit Nation." becauaTnnf^™:. " "^ °'"^ tnown as the 

this name is ahn^tStenrinaTsTR"^!,'^ '^°Y"^ '° enter; S? 

to openup their Iandfo?t^e^SSd?«i?r''°^'' *^^ ^°r^^^ 
huge as Great Britain andhL a^,iuif f„^V^"- ^°™ " "early as 
millions. From thT'WWte H^^ffi?„5'';?'? 'T'^<= »» f°"rteen 
mountam range extends mii»h^,? Mountain" m the north a great 
di^ding itTto ^tSd w«t Im^^f miles through the cf^t^e 
«nd Yalu. separate it frx.m R^a^d^S^fnl ^^ rijers. Lumen 
other important river is ths^MT^f^- u?°f °° ^^ '"'^th. The only 
seventy Sles «d fllC into ie'^«^i"/S' ""^"t T """d^d^S 
country nearly in hatfTliV»,™.T,,^ at Chemulpo after cutting the 
birds. Cotton, LSr coirmmet .^c^ht^""'' ^u'^" '"■imak Md 
plains and are what th^^S deoSS 'on^l/ T^ ''^! '^^ "^ the 

^e ^e^d^t^r ^Tl.^^Z ot'SSn^^^ ^"r ^-" ^C 
tnbute. but in 1S94 became iS^SS^toS to """'^ ''" * >"""y 
Md Japan both wanted mSS Sh i^°.''*'°S '"^'' R"»«a 
AortUved. Japan is now taSSo^nH^^"^! mdependence was 
of the people bybettttVn^rS^S^T""' ''°'*^ ^o raise the standard 
Pormo^aS a Zd^X^^'^^^J^P?^^ "^eded Korea as she dI3 
»ute, and with Japan's s3^paSVticIt^°dl'?„„^P'^i^^^^ .might emi- 
hope Korea wiU benefit by Japai's^e Chnsfaanity let us 

her s^^rSS'^^^^JfafteoT^r^'", ^%'S"'^''^' °' 
resembles both the ChinesT^d T^niif. k ! P^P'*' ^I^e Korean 

rither. The men look uran^l'ferS^^edin't^"'','°°'^''« "^ 
robes and high crowned black > .ate ThS ».» • "^"^tomary white 
means that the lower class wr™^.« i 'gearing of white clothes 
coats have to beTSf^^J^^t^J^^fu ^ *^= '*""<»^. f"r thral 
«ewn or pasted t^^L^r^Mt^" ^^^^ are washed and eith^ 

da„ are secluded'^^nX im.« .^^"'of",5.?l"'°'' °'i^' P^^t 
go out in a closed chair or afttt m?hJSii ^ ' "^S"" *'"* "^y only 
they prot«t their fa^ ?rom Sg Wa an 2^^ J:i"K*'' ''°'?^ «° °"t 
bonnet. These hats sometime do W r^^^f ° "^..^^ wearing a huge 



by a wall from 25 to 40 feet high and 14 miles in length. There are 
eicht Kates in this wall which open at sunrise and close at sunset, with 
keepers to watch all who come in or r-, out. In all the cities the streets 
are narrow and dirty, most of the people live m low mud houses each 
surrounded by a wall and di.ided into three parts, for the men, women 
and servants. The houses of the poor are made of mud walls and 
from the kitchen fire pot run flues underneath the brick flooring, thus 
one fire will cook the food and heat the house. Dried leaves ga'hered 
bv the children are used for firing. . „ , •» 

It is said "A Korean has a house but no home," as we know it, 
where father and mother are the heads of the family. Women are 
looked upon as inferior, unworthy to be taught, only two in one 
thousand can read. . _ . , ... . .. __„ 

The object of every man and boy is ofScial position where he may 
tax those under him. Korea is poor because of this. No one has 
ambition to get on because those in higher posiUons will sqi-eeze 
his money or property from him. Hence the Korean is o'ten called 
lazy and the majority care only to scrape alo("r with a bare living; 
and worse stiU it has led to lack of truthfuhiess i- each other. 


Koreans have no religion of their own. From ancestor worship and 
Buddhism, which China and Japan taught them, they have drifted into a. 
spirit worship which makes them very unhappy. They believe that all 
sorts of evil spi.its fill the earth and air, even hving in the chimney 
or household furniture. If anything goes wrong they beheve the 
spirits are angry and must be appeased by prayers and gifts. You 
will see poor men and women bowing down before certain trees supposed 
to be the spirit's home, oSer a prayer, then tie a tiny rag to a twig of 
the tree. Such Uees are known as devil trees. Our missionanes 
often see them on the roadside as they travel about. 

Ugly faces are found carved on the top of wooden posts or china 
and bronze figures on the top of royal buildings. AU these foohsh 
means are supposed to frighten away evil spirits. Here and thtte are 
to be found Buddhist temples where priests chant music before h<wnd 
images, bells are kept ringing to put the spirits to sleep or waken them 
up while pilgrims often weary and footsore, bring offerings of mon^ and 
gSods all to bring peace and happiness What mil it mean to Korea 
when she finds out the' is a God of Love? Wonderful stones are 
coming to us of how fast she is finding it out. No oOier non-Chnstian 
land has heard the gospel so quickly or so gladly. Because they have 
no national religion of their own they are the more ready to turn a 
willing ear towardi Christianity. 




Korea first heard of Christ through a book on Christianity sent 
oyer from China many years ago, but it was not till 1884 that Protestant 
missionanes entered. A young Korean, Rejabei , had been sent to repre- 
sent his country in Japan. Some Christian books fell into his hands, 
he asked to meet the missionary and became a Christian. He began 
at once to prepare a Bible for Korea and begged that a missionary 
be sent. 

The American Church sent over Dr. Allen who won such favor at 
the court by his medical skill that from that time on missionaries were 
welcome and began to come in larger numbers, until to-day there are 
about one hundred representing many churches, among others the 
Canadian Presbyterian. 


Our Church has been given the north-east comer as its special 
share of Korea to evangelize. 

MacKenzie, of Korea, is the name first associated with our mission. 
His first mission work was among the fishermen of Labrador, where 
he did btave work as a teacher, doctor and minister, but he wanted 
a still harder field for he was a man of great courage and could fit into 
the hardest conditions cheerfully. He heard of the opening of Korea 
and th« need. Kind friends stood by him, providing him with the 
means to go until the Church could take hold. He landed at Seoul 
and after learning the language went on to Sorai, and the appeal be 
sent home from the little band of converts he gathered about him led the 
Canadian church through its women to say "we will take up the work." 
This was in 1898 and Wonsan was the first station. About one hundred 
in the whole field had ever heard the gospel before. To-day the work 
has grown to three stations with a foiulh about to be opened: 
WottMn, Ham Heung, 

Sonc Chin, Hoi Ryung, 

There are eighteen missionaries altogether and about 10,000 Chris- 
tians; with 300 preaching points over which the native pastors and Bible 
women have charge. So growing is the field that our missionaries' 
plea is for enough missionaries to shepherd the flock until the native 
church can stand alone. At the three city stations many activities are 
going on of church services, Sunday Schools, girls and boys academies, 
preachers and Bible women's training classes, prayer me; tings, night 
schools, etc., etc. The new station. Hoi Ryung, will minister to the 
many Koreans who are migrating to Russia and Manchuria. In this 
new section many are poor and ignorant, and schools are badly needed. 

wrra raa botb aso ontu m otnt mission *isi,m 


Wherever the missiotiaries go Korea is fast, advancing with schools 
for both boys and girls. This is a wonderful change, espedally for the 
little girls, for they are not supposed to need an education and even 
among the poor coolie class many boys never learn to read even easy 
Korean characters. You will always find boys' schools in cities and 
villages taught by the older men. They do not study geography, 
history and arithmetic like Canadian boys, but sit on the floor with legs 
curled under from early morning till late sundown singing out Chinese 
characters from Confucian books. At our mission stations, however, 
and at many Christian villages, you will find boys' and girls' schools 
where they not only study Chinese, but also geography, history, 
arithmetic and the Bible. 

There are still many mothers who need to be coaxed to send their 
girls to school. Such an unheard of thing! they will say. At best girls 
can only go for a few years to school, for at thirteen or fourteen they 
must by custom be sent off as little wives to their mother-in-law's 
home to learn housekeepiuK and be the drudge for all the other inmates. 
Sometimes baby goes to school strapped on little sister's back for she 
is nurse too when mother is working and often baby and nurse are 
both tiny tots. 

Little girls seldom have a real name and their parents, afraid of 
the influence of the spirits, will call the new baby girl "pig" or 
"dog" or some other animal in order to deceive the spirits for 
Korean gods are not supposed to know the difference between 
a beast and a little girl, however sweet and 'vinsome she may be. When 
she is big enough to go to school she will have her hair brushed very 
smooth and braided and wear a short-colored jacket and skirt. Her 
play time is very limited for she must help prepare the rice and sew and 
learn to use the smoothing iron, a little wooden roller which she must 
rat-tat-tat on the clothes till they are smooth and shiny. 

When a baby boy arrives there is great rejoicing, for upon the 
son fa!ls the duty of sacrificing at the ancestral tombs. If you met 
a Korean boy you might think him a girl, for Korean customs are so 
different to ours. He wears his hair parted in the middle and hanging 
in a braid behind. He wears a loose jacket of pink, blue, green or 
red, and very loose long white trousers tied at the ankle with a bright 
ribbon. White padded socks and shoes of string or straw complete 
his outfit. When he enters the house or school he takes off his shoes, 
and sits on the floor, for no chairs are used ; if he kept his shoes on 
he might bring in dust or mud. 

If he is poor he will be kept busy selling sweets, or bundles of wood, 
or carrying loads on his back, but Uke all children he loves a game of 



blind man's buff, or soldier or kite-battle. When be becomes a man a 
bald spot is shaved on his head, his hair tied up around it in a twist. 
A fine new high hat is put on with great ceremony and tied under hit 
chin with ribboni So Koreans are often known as "Top-knots." 
At the same time he puts on a long coat with sleeves reaching to 
his knees and receives the "man-name" by which he is to be known. 

Our little friends the "Top-knots" are coming to our schodt in 
large numbers. Among the villages in Wonsan district there are 
twenty-three schools, five of which are for girls, with an enrollment 
of 304 boys and 128 girls. In the dty of Wonsan is a large girls' school 
and a boys' academy with 74 on the roll. Some of the older boys are sent 
to Ping Yang to be educated as ministers at a theolodcai college. 
For the working boys a ni|^t school is being started. They are all 
earnest students of the Bible. Many of them win our Sunday School 
diplomas and seals. In Wonsan dty the church membenhip is 360, 
and they contribute towards the support of the two schools and two 

In Ham Heung district you will find twelve sdiools for small boyi 
and six for girls with a girls' school in the dty, 60 on the roll, and an 
academy for boys, 62 on roll. In Song OUn you will alto find an 
academy for boys and a girls' school nicdy arranged with Bunman 
seats and desks. In the district also are a goodly number of village 
schools all taught by Korean Christians. 

A word about the medical work for we have two doeton among 
our workers. Dr. Gtierson and Dr. Kate McMillan. 

Koreans think disease it caused by evil spirits and therefore only 
magic will cure. They never inia^;ine that diseased skin or eyes, of 
which there is so much, is caused by hving in smoky rooms and by lack of 
bathing. Dr. McMillan tells of a little sick boy brought to the dispen- 
sary by hi'j father. She ordered a bath. The father looked surprised 
and said the women of the house would not allow it as they feared a 
bath might bring on convulsions for their little girl had died from that 
after the first bath. She asked how old the little girl was when she 
died. "Two years," was his reply. 

While the patients are waiting their turn at the dispensary our 
Biblewomen and workers tell them about Jesus. They are all good 
listeners and as a result carry away the story and tell it to others often 
in distant villages. As a consequence when the Biblewoman aixivei 
there are many ready to purcha.<>e copies of the Scriptures. 


God has blessed the work by sending good Biblewomen and 
pastors; the women are trained by our womer- missionaries. Mist 
McCully, who has been many yean in our mission, devotea all her time 

wiw TO Bonri AMo anu m oua mumon nsut 71 

to tUs wotfc and a womu'i Bible Sdiool hw been itartHi .» n— 

v«l«^ir.?i'5,'^""°*°^*'?*' their time travelUng about in the dtia 
menaKei for a teacber for thenuelves and for »h^r tv,™ ._ j • T* 

b^-Teffii-clo^-jii^-r^^, k°o!srLSadS£r 

toprSSinlJ.'"^ Many men and women gi^n^ytoTSL^w^ 
4. The Korean Church is a givrng church. Poor as mn.t ir™—. 

ssi'tjsrjrs^^ '="*' '^> *^'^ .nve^»erenrLS°s?^ 

1. ■ Korean Christian is a splendid tyoe No wnnHn- o.., —• 
^^mt. ^rir *° *^3 "^^ lead«^„ ^°o^°?h^°"'T^; 
^^^^I^w^"" and women we read of in theNew Testamrat 
Who were the early followers of Christ Let us shepherd thi.\TOoS^ 


wm na man amd onu in ock mimion volm 

6ock by •mwcrinf the pnycn of our minionwiet for leaden from th* 
the home land and iharc in making ponible the winning of Korea 
and her ndghbort for Chritt. 

"All nationi ihaU caU Him blened." 


1. Where ii Korea, and to whom doct it belong? 

2. What can you tell of the cuatonu and life of the people? 

3. What religion has Korea? 

4. How did Korea fint hear of Christ? 

5. What led our church to begin work? 

6. Tell of a school boy's life up to manhood. 

7. How are UtUe girls treated? 

8. Where are our nJssion stations? 

9. Is there any medical work? 

to. How many schools are there and where? 

11. Name some of the Bible women and what work are they doing? 

12. Why is the Korean Church so fruitful and important as a 
centre of work? 

wm Tn won amd oou h om 



Stailiit-Hyiini 54, « JMM Kmp M* umt th* Crow." 
Scilptiir* Saadinc in CoBMrt— lit Corinttiiaiu, 13th dup. 

KoU Call— (RMpoasei: NamM of ladiaa Rmwtw.) 
•>**«tk»-"A Miaaknaiy Acroatic," (by four Band mamben). 


Prayer aftar Oflarinc. 

I^aaaoo Story. 

Siocbif — Hymn 40, « Thara ia a (raan UU far away." 

Quaatioal and Anawen on Laaaon Stoiy. 

Sta«tof — Hymn 3M, " Jeaua, Shephard of tha Sheep." 

Prayer—" O Ood who art lore, grant to Thy children to bear 
one another** boidena in perfect good wiU, that Thy peace 
which paueth ondentanding may keep our hearta and 
mind* in Chriat Jeaua our Lord. Amen. 

* FN* Itellat, obUiaabU M pabUeatioD roomi. 



Many pages havf been written on the early history of our Indiani, 
how they first came to North America and where they got the name, 
but nothing is definitely known. Some think they trekked oyer from 
the Highlands of Asia by way of Bchring Sea. They bear quite a re- 
semblance to the Mongolian family of North Asia; their color of skin, 
high check bone and something about the expression and form ol Uie 
eve marks them at once as similar to the Chinese. Others hold this 
cannot be so or there would be traces in their language, and folklore 
which would show their connection with Asiatic people Theie hold 
that the discovery of the high state of civilization reached by tbe Aztec i 
of Mexico (Mexican Indians) and the Incas of Peru (Peruvian Indiana) 
who alKJUt 500 B.C. were a rich, numerous and powerful people, goei to 
prove they were once a distinct nation, and the Uibes which remain to- 
day are remnants that finally dwindled down to a simple, almost biu-- 
baric state in which they were found by the Enghsh and French In Uie 
early days of Canadian history. . , . i_ 

The name Indian was first given to them through the mistaktti notion 
of cariy voyagers, Columbus included, who thought that the newly-found 
continent of America was part of India. This was shown to be an error 

but nevertheless the name Indian remained. 

When first discovered in Canada they were hunters and ^eisand 
lived in wigwams or tenU made of bark or hides of animals. Some 
made log and mud houses, some dug dens in the earth. They lived in 
bands or tribes, and in some places had large viUages such aaStadacona 
at Quebec and Hochelaga near what is now Montreal. They called 
these villages Kannata which is probably where we get the name Canada. 
There are many tribes, some of the more familiar are:— the Mic- 
macs in the Maritime provinces; the Mohawks, Cayugas, Onondagas, 
Senecas in Ontario, the Crces, Ojibways, Blackfeet in the western pro- 
vinces- the Ohiats in British Columbia. Each tnbe has its owti dialect. 
At Okancse. where one of our missions is located, is a tnbe of Salteaux, a 
division of the Ojibways. who speak a language similar to the Indians of 
Longfellow's poem Hiawatha. You will hear the children «»11 thar 
grandmother Noko, short for Nokomis, and the boys tell of adjittamo 
the squirrel, or waupoose the rabbit. j , .u «.™m 

In religion they believe in a great Spint who made and rules the world, 
but there are other spirits, some good and some bad. At death the brave 
and successful Indians go to the Happy Hunting Ground, the cowards 
and unsuccessful wander in trouble and privation forever. They say 
the Happy Hunting Ground is away west; the spint takes several 

wm nn won amo ai«u m ora mission nsuM 


moona in frtting there. In tbdr religious servica they malce reoiu 
ud «cnfice, alio dance and imoke to the Greot Spirit The Sun Dance 
in parucular, on account of its barbarity has been put a stop to by 
the Canadian Oovemment. Their pagan customs in sickness and 
.y* i*"r *"'' '"«"H*"'S. The witch doctor is sent for and the 
more friends that can be crowded into the room the better. The sick 
one is placed near ii hot fire in the middle of the tent, and the greater 
the din and noise the more hope there is of the sick one's recovery, for 
the evil spirit wdl be f riffatencd away. 

... J'l*. "''* ^'"'^•' «1'°«» 'o the ways of his ancestors, and naturally 
thmks his ways belter than ours. He is conservative, and even thoui?h 
■"^yw* now Christian, you will still find indications of his past faitli ■ -, 
the spirit num. Around a child's grave you will see a neat fence Imiit 
with aUttle door in it through which the spirits may pass, or high u > 'n 
a nearby tree a drum to pacify the spiriu who come to visit the dr i - r in. . 
Among the Indiana in British Columbia it was customary in th. eiil, 
days to plMe the coffin up in a tree and surround it with all thr bJatikets, 
toys and belongings of the one who is gone and none but a very wicked 
person would appropriate anything, for that would make the spiriu 
angryand some evil thing would happen. 

The Indian lus many good qualities which we must seek to preser v . 
We must not judge him by the specimens that camp around town.s 
To get the real Indian we must go back into wilder country. Thfn 
you will find a man full of contempt for cold, hunger, danger, a man lull 
of hospitality, land parent and true friend, faithful to his promise, in- 
dustnous and religious in temperment. These are good foundations on 
whidi to bmld. He has his weak points, too, as all races have in their 
development,— these we must seek to better. He expects to give noth- 
ing without getting equal value in return. An Indian will come and 
yiMt fm- months, but you and your family must go and stay with him 
just as long. Or if you are among the Coast Indians you may hear of a 
potladi,— agive away feast j— The Indians have come back to their re- 
serve from fishing companies, they have made good wages, plenty to 
keep them through the winter, a big feast is arranged, and the more a 
man has Uie more he is expected to give away, tiU there is giving and 
taking and feasting all round never thinking of to-morrow, but spend- 
ing all he has got. So we must teach the Indian the nobility of giv- 
ing, of economy and forethought for to-morrow. Then again any 
(° n, " '■"" " '" **" outwit an enemy; he is cruel to his feUow 
foe. We must therefore teach him to show mercy and keep faith with 
an opponent. Once he had the whole country at his command. He 
would put in days and weeks of strenuous hunting and come home 
laden with prey, then what more delightful than a wigwam fire, the 
pipe of ptMX and the long evening fiUed with story teUing of the 
Hunt, and of other tribes met with in his wanderings I How the old 


Indian of t(MJ»y, for there are still afew of them, lovei to tdl of Ae 
gLl old times, when he would kill "WO buffalo ma f^^ysl We 
did not need to eat the white man's bread, wehadmrat fivetmes a day, 
oiS taJts were made of the best buffalo skms, omr dothmg of fursjind 
beds of fur robes two or three deep.;' These '"^ J^F, <>»?• '^t? 
the Indian wore long hair, painted his face, <»?»~5«* ""..f SJS^ 
feathers accoiding to his degree in the tnbe, 8»UoP«* °Y" *« P'^^ 
in chase of game, or gathered his young mai and old m ^ttie amy 
agf^some waging tribes who molested his quwters. He spumed 
the idea of working the soil— "that is '"l"»'^,,''°*-„ „„ OldSallv 
Someof their women, too. were biave. as wed as the moi. Old^ly 
of thVOkanese reserve, who is now nearing 100. tells of the olden days 
whS "migW^was right". She has occupied ata??t evoT pontiou 
rSe coiSd bestow upon her. fromthemosthonourable to the mwt de- 
irSed At one time she was revered as a goddess Mid st^d upop a 
?S^^et ^th enemies scalps pUed high aromid her. Shefdlmto 
cruel hands later but escaped, and for yews was a homeless .wantoo: 
troveUing on foot over a great portion of the w«t. »«=^PS^~ *'y^" 
huge ttober woU stolen by her from its den when a small PUP; fj" 
sSe hSweighed paganism and found it wanting, and is <me of Ae few 
reSSS iSiks tLt connect the Christian Indian of to^y with the 
bye-gone ages of paganism. 


Atfirstthelndian extended the hand of hospitaUty to the wUite man, 
never dreaming that his aim was to get possesion of the land, and war 
S^y rSijtTwhcn the Indian realised he was being caUea to give up 
his freedom &nd his home. , , ai. - 

In Canada the Indian's first impression of the white man was throufc^i 
the Hudson Bay Trading Posts. For two hundred years this Com- 
-ny tn^Sl lu over the northern part of the continent, They were 
S fS with the Indians. The Indi«i was recognized <«™« of 
STlakd, aU the Company wanted was his furs. J^^^jJ"^,^ 
met with the white missionaries who also proved friends, lor early in 
Se cStury the Roman Catholic church and the O""^.?* E^J^^ 
s^t out^eir missionaries among them, But when *h>te settlos 
stepped in and took up choice places questiomngs arose with the Indian 
M to the right of such intruders, and when Canada becwne a Dommon 
our eovertment had a difficult task to face in gaining the good-will of 

had more or less his own way so far as fr«d?n>^of «=a*J°n '^„ ~"- 
cmied. The white population was small and """t'^ l"B«'y *f °?i^° 
a^ Eastern Canada But times began to change and the Indian began 
to tSTe u^to what was happening. In the weft the white tnuter came. 



purchased his fun and horses and left him poor, brought his fire-water 
along and caused trouble. In the east the white settler took his land, 
placed steamers on his waters, put up the speaking wire (telegraph). The 
plains Indian began to say "we have done wrong to allow that wire to 
be put up until the governor asked our leave. There is a white Chief at the 
Red River (Winnipeg), and that wire speaks to him, and so if we do 
wrong he will stretch out his long arm (mounted police) and catch us 
before we can get away. ' Settlers began to have difficulties with the 
Indians so the government wisely resolved to make peace with them 
and buy their title to the land. In 1871 the first treaty in the name 
of the "Great Mother" as they called Uueen Victoria the Good, was 
ratified. By it the government gave to each band of Indians a tract 
of land called a reserve, each family of five received 160 acres of land 
or more according to the number in the family and an annuity of $S 
to each man, woman and child with the promise of schools for their 
children, help to become farmers, and food in time of scarcity. A 
law was also framed forbidding white men to sell to the Indian either 
fire-water or firearms under penalty of imprisonment or heavy fine. 


While the government agreed to look after the physical welfare of the 
Indians, they agreed that the Church with ite missions was better able 
to help the Indian morally and in the education of his family. The 
Indian had learned to look on the missionary as his friend and advisor, 
and now in this transition stage, when he must change his mode of 
liviaij, stay at home and settle down largely to farming he was ready to 
take the advice and help of the resident missionary rather than of any one 
<Jse. Ah-eady the Roman Catholic church had claimed nearly all the 
Indians in the east as hers, the Anglican church had many missions 
on or near reserves in the great north west, the Methodist had a 
number on the plains, and in 1866 the Presbyterian church also de- 
cided to t&ke up a mission. 


For ten years a little colony of Presbyterian settlers in the Red River 
district had begged the church to send out a missionary for the Red 
men. At last they gained consent of the Assembly and their man was 
ready, the Rev. James Nisbet of Kildonan. An interesting story is 
told of how he and his wife and little child with two or three helpers 
one to teach, an other to build, set out by caravan June 6th, 1866. 
They journeyed with eleven carts and a light waggon. One of the 
helpers was Mr. John McKay, who was to be their iniide; he was a 
noted buffalo hunter and could follow the trail. Many were the 
delays and difficulties; the road was all by trail: their carts had to be 
turned into rafts to cross the rivers, and horses turned loose every night 


to forage for themsdves, but after 66 days they .reached a »pot near 
wbitT now Prince Albert, 200 mUes from their starting point and 

"''"ThTtiS? im^^^lL 2r^ and the Indians differed fn«n c»Id 
uid huMer starving f amiUes made their way to the nussiona^r for help 
Mr N^sbSto^o induce the young people to come to a school whi^ 
he Wanted to begiu, but it was the kitchen not the school room w^ 
att^ed th^ Mr. Nisbet then offered to give a comfortable supper, 
?:^S7imei»ho would come to night school for »!«»«» '°„^>f',"°^ 
a BiEt^ry. and thus began the fctjich^ol wh^ was budt f^foil^ 
iM vear (22 on the roll), and a church to accommodate 160. TBe 
KTof the Hudson Bay Company were glad of the vicinityof a 
XZl and s«it some of their chUdren thus helping to defray theoost. 

A "ut this time white setUers began to come m ^^er numbera and 
the Cree In^ scattered to new reserves chosen to norUi and south. 
Mr NSbet Seda f ew years later somewhat disappointed at the church s 
Sm* of ^t<^t Mid support but the influence of a Christian man hved 
^Ui^ftali^. CUef Mistawasis of another band to the south 
wh^had met with Mr. Nisbet and his help;^ McKay^ sent a requ^t 
from Ws ttibe for a resident missionary. Thus opened up o"f.f!<=°n^ 
m?«ionwiS Mr McKay as its head. His daughter began a children s 
s™^° at h«^1^. which was later taken over by the ^mrd. 
Md is stiU a prospeiWday school. Meantime a wandenng tribe of 
oScitM took up (Se old Cree ground neu Prince AJb«t and Mia 
B^^ our honored first missionary of the W.F.M.S. to the Indians, took 
uo sS^^l^oA Snong them, laboring on almost till her death, for twenty- 
S?e y^ The In<Uans loved her as a mother, and many, young and 
niH fir«f learned the name of Christ from her hps. , „. . ^. 

' irwaTaTter Se North West Rebellion of 1886, when the Christian 
IndiJis remained loyal, that the Presbyterian Churdi berime enthu»aa- 
tlc for the Iidian missions and greater work was undertaken. 

Our missions to-day 

•Lake of the Woods, 
Rolling River, 
.Round Lake, 
F^squah and Piapot's 

tUcluetet. B C 


are at the following points. 
•Portage la Prairie, -fSwan l^ke, 

fBirdTail (Beulah), 
tMoose Mountain, 
•File Hills, 
•Alberm, B.C., 
Dodger's Co^e, B.C., 

Lizard Point, 
tHurricane Hills, 

fMakoce Waste 

Prince Albert), 
•Ahousaht, B.C. 

ThoM: marked wi* a rtar have boarding schools, those with a 





drngger day schools on or nnr the reserves, those with no murk hare 
only evangelistic work on the reserves and are near enough to one of 
the boarding schools for their children tb att^d: - . _,, 

In all we are reaching twenty-one centres and have 8 boarding 
schools and 7 day schools. 



The Indian population of Canada is estimated at 110,000, of these 
39,000 are Ronun Catholic, including all the Indians of Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswich, Quebec, most of those in Ontario and many m the 
West. About 30,000 are distributed among the Anglican, Methodist, 
Piesbyterian and Baptist churches, and are to be found chiefly in West- 
ern Canada. 

The word pagan should be unknown in a land lite Canada with so 
many Christian churches. According to a government report there 
are twenty-five Indian reserves still classed as pagan in religion 
and ten with no reUgion at all. These are located mostly to the north 
in the MacKenzie, Yukon, and British Columbia districts, with a few 
bands also near the borders of Manitoba. Each of the denom- 
inations at work centres its strength around school work. Many of the 
schools are boarding and industrial schools. At first the Indians were 
not anxious to have their children go from home tp enter a boarding 
school, but boarding schools have proved satisfactory. The Indian 
nature is fond of a wandering life, and when trapping season, berry or 
fishing season comes he still wants to be off, hitches up his pony, picks 
up his tent and family and is off. As for school! yes the children will 
be back again; but not a very satisfactory way of fitting the Indian 
boys and girls for the life of modem Canada, so the remedy was board- 
ing schools . Each child with the consent of the parents is signed into the 
school, and remains there till he or she is eighteen years of age, unless in 
case of sickness that is infectious. Many of our Indian boys and girls 
become infected with tuberculosis brought on by the sudden change in 
condi rions— a new mode of living, different food, sleeping in houses with 
doors and windows tightly closed. They do not yet understand 
the iii'ianing of pure air. Their wigwams had plenty of air long ago and 
warm skins kept them from feeling the winds that blew about them. A 
sici- child is not always removed to his home, as the parents would 
Ti'-t know what to do for him. He is taken to a mission hospital and 
ctved for by the missionary nurse and government doctor; another 
way in which both our government and church are doing all they can to 
better the Indian's conditions. 

But what about these boarding schools? We should call them 


rather Industrial Homes, for the Indian bovs and p .. i .i. 

5<±opls long before they are ready to be mduit. ' W ..Th'^.T 
regular public school course and when thevr™-i,ru'*"^?' i""^ 
classes the girls must take their fun. in 2^ sewfn/™™ ?" •'«''" 
make their own clothing; or attend™ S.edoSri^m,ikeZ'hU° 

hnn,if „?lf''? """^ *^' "P™*^ °f J"'y- the chUdren go to their parenf 
^es, or If It IS a busy time on the farm the older Imvs will h,^^2^ 

?ifhio'n°rm t^'Lnt ^T&°V?;a^Trou"d"? r ^^^ 

stove sewmg machine and other furniture are i^T^draa ' Thtt^ 

^dl^^Zn^f S'^etSeLT^ imKn^'^^dlfs^cL^t^e 
tome^ ^^ "*"* *'*^' emanated from the mission 

AMinaboui Indians have buUt a log house niar the the s^T the 

WITH nn •on amd ohu m om mMioM fisuM 


In British Columbia our scboob are aU on VancouTcr Island. The 
Indians of British Columbia lead a somewhat different life from the 
prairie bands. They have long been in contact with the white man 
bang employed by sealing and whaling companies and in the canneries. 
Their women also are industrious, their basket weaving from cedar 
roots commands a high price. 

For about 200 miles up the west coast of the island are dotted some 
18 tribes of Indians. To reach the first of our boarding schools at 
Albemi means a sail of 21 hours, then on again for 21 hours rough 
sail to Ahousaht. Each of tbfse schools is beautifully located in a 
richly timbered area. SufGdent has been cleared to make valuable 
gardens. These lovely but lonely spots are soon to hear the chopping 
of timbers, as the railway line is already within four miles of Alberni 
Unfortunately the nearer civilization creeps the greater the danger to 
our Indian boys and girls. The more earnest then must we be to 
gather them into the fold and shepherd them that they may hold 
steadfast their ground of Christian training and this is being done 
Here is the testimony of one of the Indian Chiefs a fine stalwart 
type of «n»n when he met our W.P.M.S. secretary for Indian work 
was: Twenty years ago I was coming up on the coast steamer, a white 
man was on board and was pointed out to me as a missionary, I 
approached him and said, "Wont you send us a missionary to make us 
good and stop fighting and quarreling, and now to-day you see the 

At Ucluelet is one of our oldest day schools, another lonely spot but 
a fine type of friendly Indians form the community. Many com- 
fortable Indian homes are here and they are responsive to the mission- 
ary and his object. A neat building which is school house on week days 
and church on Sunday, stands close to the missionary's home. Nearby 
among the noble cedars is the lonely grave of our pioneer missionary, 
Mr.Swartout. Whileonanerrandof mticyforhisIndianshissailbaAt 
foundered in one of the Pacific's mighty storms. 

Prom Ahousaht one of the graduates has lately gone to take charge of 
Dodger's Cove. This is the first time these Indians have heard the gospel 
in their own tongue by one of their own people. 


In all our schools, and there are about 450 children m attendance, the 
older boys and girls are members of Christ's church. If the school is 
near a town the children and staff attend the Presbyterian chniefa for 

WITH T« low AND oatt W 0U« UMIOIt mus 88 

•f ter they le«ve the sdhool &,^J^^S^ !^ '^ ""»"«>«> with them 

might be proud of. The colony has m«,!.f^?i «ny white man 
i» one of which the gowniia«t ■mS^^J^'-."^''*""' »*" ""d 
are motored out to sSe^S^^e I,SdS^if iS^u^' "^ "°**"* ^»o" 
w diown him in S drJ^ment ThJ W«.? *",'°J? sympathy 
b,Ult by the g^duate, i. .^Kint^'ti^ISS^ t^'bTl^"^ 

ss^?sr/o?'g.rtrn£°5 S ?>3^^F^^ 

fuse, to be treatedas a SSitd she Sd«S hT„Zf^"'L V"' *^ «" 
her home along modem UuMMdrt*™!^!? .? "'" husband, conducts 
accorded to CWs^^hite w^en Th^^^' ""^P*" •»'' treatment 
life like his paganfathS Mid ZSf.' tn .L?°^ ^''T' J" «»•<»"« his 
school, even Sjugh it bforthe^ l^f^^i? 7H' •" •»" '«"*<» «t 
not yet puUed up frim oM li5LLTeS..3? hV briSU" S^ '?V^''- •»'' 
with him and if there is a chiSch to S^SLJ^2 a?^f "^ Chnstianity 


can^n^SriSd^S'^rmr^rolh'S^ -S^jo,^^^^^^ -the 

anc fisheries offer extra pay forUflSg ^^^Ur'^'nal^'^rZ"'''''!' 
uates are anxious to do what is right and we must not fSSJ^; a2^ "^^ 
to commend them to God's tender tZii,;!;. Tu^ u ""*** ™y ^y day 
them they may be sUo^to iSSf ^ ' ""' "'"" t<»P"tion fac^ 




if largely, are of the fanning type; thoie of BritUh Columbia «• already 
noted i^n their Uving through fishing, seaUng "f, '~["°f '°Sj 
canneries or hop gardens under the the employ of white men, and their 

Trus'^'a^f^of'the"r2i^"which are typical a. .pace forbid, 
mention of all. 

Lake of the Woodi is our farthest fast mission. Hwe severalbMds 
of Indians are scattered over a large area from Kenpra north. The Mission 
SiiSS^consisUng of the boarding school and mission house » »»tuated 
Ka l^utif ul but lonely spot on Shoal Uke an arm of Lake of the Woods 
aboutforty-five miles f^m Kenora where all supplies are obtained, 
luring ^^aU-^en the ice breaks 'Ttl'"™ '>',5?"S?"«£fS 
^th the outside world is cut off. It has been difficult J" ««♦ *"k« 
on account of the isolation. Then too the Indians '"^. »t fi"J «™°«'? 
pagan. Their head chief Powawaan hui all alonR •"i^f^^°J^?l 
SI white mans ways, either in education or rel .jn, but Powawasin 
hu te^Uy passed away and a change is takin, uace; educaUflo and 
aristSity will gain headway. They see what ar school is doing for 
AeCuTand boys who have attended. Chief Redsky's chil^en have 
S Sitered our school and have been a credit. A number of the 
Sildren are Christian though their fathers and mothers are pagan and 
object to their being baptized. , » , ._j „„r,,,4.M>. 

On the reserves the houses are of log, kept dam and comfortaWe. 
V«rv few do any fanning. They work in the lumber camps, hunt, fish, 
pSTbSries aSdUdrice The iussionary, Mr Dodds. preach« at four 
S?fivV^nts on the lake and is received with Unless SomeUmw he 
folds an Indian dance going on, but^ey respectf uUy stop "d krten to 
the Bible story. Our missionary and his sUff are «»™<»V^ '"'j""' »2° 
praying that the hearts of these Indians may soften and the pagan ideas 
may soon vanish under the influence of the mission. 

Bird Tail is the reserve most closely associated with Birtle school <md 
is onSie western border of Manitoba. The Indians are of the Sioux tnbe 
Md non-treaty. They were refugees from accross the hne after the 
Mfrnf^ta maLcres of 1862. A native Sioux nunister. Rev. Solomon 
vi^iSdthem from the American Presbyterian Mission after tiiey had 
r md a home and at Uieir request was finally appointed by our church 
I. 1877 as their permanent missionary. He died a f'" vears laterb^the 
u wk has steadily grown till to-day it is one of our Chnstian rraerVM. 
ife reserve is about six miles square with "bout twenty fam.h«^e 
I .nd is good and the Indians prosperous fannera. Many of tiieir f amilira 
have suffered from disease. The church built ^V .the««dves is Ae pnde 
of the congregation and a heartier, more devoted people to the chur^ 
«.d tiidr Sonary would be hard to find. There you wiU see every 

wrm ra> ton akb oibls in ouit mimion mtM 


Sunday • typical Indian congregation, the women seated on one tide 
of the church with their children and papooae* in the old tinM moM- 
Ingi, the men seated on the other side. Here you note by the manner of 
the women's dress, the two generations of school training. The 
first wear no hat, their long black locks smoothly parted and 
h»«ging and a tartan shawl as the outer garment, the second 
have advanced to the stage of a neat diess or suit, with hair 
coiled and a hat gay with flowers or ribbon. At the service the Indian 
ciders read the scriptures and take the prayers, the missionary gives 
the sermon which is interpreted for the older Indian into his native 
tongue; and the singing, how they love iti and everbody sings, "The 
Lord is Nfy Shepherd" or "Jesus loves me." You can never forget the 
impression. Morning service over, the missionary Mr. McLaren, 
returns to the boarding school, leaving the Indians io conduct the 
Sunday School, evening praise service or Y.M.C.A. During the week 
come prayer-meeting and W.P.M.S. Auxiliary. 

Birtle Boarding School, sixteen miles from the Reserve takes its 
name from the nearby village of Birtle on the Birdtail River which it 
overiooks. The pupiu come not only from Birdtail, but from the 
neighboring reserves to the south and r:M, Rolling River, Okanese, 
Lixard Point. Near the school is a valuable farm which serves as 
a training ground for the boys as well as a source of supply for the 
maintenance of our big family of fifty-four. Here too is a faithful staff 
of wcukers some of whom have seen long years of service and who to- 
<Uy can point to this and that home on the reserves where the children 
are now grown up Christian graduates of our school. One of these has 
recently taken a partial course of training for nurse and deaconess. 

Close to the school stands the government cottage hospital with its 
government nurse and doctor whose ministry and sympathy in times 
of sickness is a strength to our missionaries in their work. This is the 
only hospital belonging to our Presbyterian missions, but the govern- 
ment is hoping to establish others at necessary points as the way 

Crowttand — The Indians at this reserve are known as Cotes band and 
occupy a territory of 21,172 acres surrounding the town of Kamsack 
on the Caniidian Northern The land is rolling and covered with 
bluffs o' po:>lar and willow with large tracts good for farming and hay 
crops. Here live about 250 Indians. They both hunt and farm but have 
proved a difficult band to manage as owing to the closeness of the town 
they get much fire-water. Every possible means is tried to stop it 
and punishment is meted to those who sell it. The Indians are doing 
well by their farms and are sympathetic to the missionary, Mr. Mc- 
Whinney, who has spent many years among them. 

Our boarding school known as Crowstand is located about three miles 

80 wm m ion and onot m om muhon »atM 

(roia yimwHr and bu Mnie forty-nine pupils in Attendance. There b • 
farm a( 880 aeret in connection with the ichoot which tupptiai it With 
food buttennillc, beef, etc. All pupils attend the momini service in the 
church on the reserve. It was built by the Indians and m kept in good 
repair. Nearby is the Indian grave yard with litUe marble headstones. 

The children from the school have done much to lead the older 
Indian to mora progressive ways, houses that were once untidy are now 
clean and comfortable from the examples set by the little girls in house- 
keeping, and the farms on the reserve which once yielded IfiOO bushels 
now yield 2S,000, and all through the influence of our Indian school boys. 

People said to our missionary when he took up his work, " You can- 
not make Christians of the Indians." This he has found untrue for 
many have said to him " I will put by the old and take Christ instead. " 

nia HilU Kaserra in North Saskatchewan where our fine new school 
has just been built by the govenunent is the centre of some of the most 
difficult work. The Indians in early days discouraged many of our 
missionaries and they gave up in despair; such determined opposition 
was shown to the "Jesus Message" as they call it. Pour bonds of 
Indians have here aa extent of 75,000 acres, about 22 miles from Qu'Ap- 
pelle, only good for farming in parts. One of our missionaries. Miss 
Oillttpie (now Mrs. Motherwell) sras the first to win their teal con- 
fidence, and since then the school and reserve work has steadily advanced. 
During her period of service she often visited among the tepees, entering 
their tents and caring for their sick, though forbidden by them to men- 
tion the name of Christ. One day when on Chief Star Blanket's reserve 
he called her into his tepee. He asked her to sing a hymn, ^ind when she 
had finished he spat out sparks of Uve coals around her which he had 
held between his teeth. Not daring to show herself afraid she asked 
him what he meant. His reply was "You bring no Jesus here." 
Before Miss Gillespie retired from her work Star Blanket learned to 
welcome the Name he had once spumed, and others have followed 
in his steps. The ex-pupiN, boys and girls, have done much good by 
their uplifting influence, i^e little girl, Winnie Akapew, whose sweet 
sad story of lingering sufferuig you will often hear told on that reserve, 
won father and mother, and many others tr give a willing ear to the 

The school life has gone steadily forward mid many triab, poor build- 
ing, and insufficient accommodation, but to-day there is opened a large 
substantial building capable of accommodating si xty , and the parents once 
so bitterly opposed are rejoicing with the children The missionary has 
won their ccmfidence; they see her message in .. new light. Near here 
is located the Indian colony already descnbca, an example to all the 
Indians al>out them of what cau be accomplished when the older Indians 


who frown upon profrtn ■» kept from moudac tboM vi»n», ». 
and women who doire to mdvance. "«•»«« man younger nMa 

and we must help him to realize it '"° ™» ■ «» "ope for his race, 

by t^'t^tdl".?' He/e".™" ??' "^ '" '°"?*y '^^'=^- »«>««om visited 
faU^ Kn'^dwomen'^d' Ui'^gte Xt*^"' "P^ 

those^''^J°t£t tS^ «• "^ •^"' '^'"•.P"' f" »^ «d for 
.nron::a"5-S;.2:^.X^^^ -y^^^o^^ to enter 

1. Where did the Indians come from? 
cJi^r ^'^ *^'^ '" ""^ ""•«• »"«• "•>"« <Jo we set the name 

3. Are there many tribes in Canada? name some. 

4. What is their religion? 

5. Name some Indian good quaUties and some weak poinU 
8. How did the Indian Uve in early times in Canada? 

7. Who were his first white friends? 

8. What agreement did our government make and when? 




1653 East Main Street 
Rochester, New York !• 
(716) 482 - 0300 - Plion. 
(716) 288 - 5989 - Fan 

VI, !■■ 


9. What did the churches agree to do tor the Indian? 

10. How did our church first come to take up the work? 

11. Who was Rev. James Nisbet? 

12. Who was Miss Baker? 

13. Name our three first missions. 

14. How many centres are we reaching, and what schools? 

15. Describe an Indian Boarding School. 

16. Describe an Indian Day School. 

17. How do Indians of British Columbia and the plains differ? 

18. Tell of the origin of work in British Columbia. 

19. What results follow the school work? 

20. What is a reserve? 

21. Describe work on a progressive reserve. 

22. Name and describe one of the difficult fields. 

23. What changes are taking place in Indian customs? 

24. Tell of an Indian Christian church. 

25. Are our missionaries hopeful of the Indian race? 

26. What should be our part? 

Is' 4 





Proportion. Each square represents one million souls. The rest 
of the diagram does not pretend to be strictly in proportion. 

The Red Lines indicate that part of the Church's work which is 
under the Foreign Mission Committee. 

The White Line in the large grey block between the "men" and 
the "women and children" is merely to show the proportion of the 
one to that of the other. 

The Small White Block in the centre of large grey block represents 
those who have become Christians, and those who are directly under 
Christian influence. 

The Thick Dark Line at the upper edge of "Canada," represents 
a liberal estimate of those who might rightly be called "heathen" or 
"pagan" in our own land. 

The Red Block in the centre of "Canada" represents the Indian 

CANADA.— Population 7,000,000. 

The general work of our church is provided for through the several 
"schemes" which are: Pointe-Aux-Trembles, Widows and Orphans, 
Aged and Infirm Ministers, Social and Moral Reform and Evangelism, 
Colleges, Assembly, Augmentation, Home Missions, French Evangel- 
ization, Foreign Missions. 

NoTB. — The order of these corresponds with the Chart. The 
givings of the Sunday Schools and Young People's Societies go through 
the channel of Congregational giving to the schemes Pointe-Aux- 
Trembles, Home and Foreign Missions. 

Through the Home ISission Scheme our Church seeks to provide 
Gospel privileges wherever the need is felt; in the opening up of new 
work throughout our land; in mining and lumber camps; in sparsely 
settled districts and among new settlers and foreigners. Immigration 
Chaplains are also stationed at ports of entry to welcome and keep in 
touch with all immigrant classes. 

French Evangelizatios seeks to give an open Bible to French Can- 
adians, and to provide a liberal education through the Point-Aux- 
Trembles Schools (a special scheme) at which over 6,000 French 
Canadians have been educated since the schools were taken over by 
our Church in 1880. 

The White Block Marked W. H. M. S. represents the Woman's 
Home Missionary Society (1903). It has chargeof Hospital and Medical 
Work in the Yukon, British Columbia, North-West and other Provinces. 
Its work is chiefly among the foreigners who have come to live in Canada. 
It also assists with Institutional work in Winnipeg and certain Home 



i ' r3 


Mission Fields (assigned by the Home Mission Committe). The 
W. H. M. S. is Auxiliary to the Home Mission Committee of the Church. 

The Small White Block Marked Mont'l W.H.S. represents the 
Montreal Woman's Missionary Society. It assists in FrenJi Work 
and certain Home Mission Fields, and since 1902 has supported the 
work for women and children in Macao District, South China. 

The Small White Chxle Marked P.M.D.T.H. represents the 
Presbyterian Missionary and Deaconess Training Home (formerly 
"The Ewart Training Home"). It a is further agency for the advance 
of the work in the home land as well as in foreign fields. The W.H.M.S. 
and the W.F.M.S. (Western and Eastern Divisions) contribute to 
its support. 

The Small Red Diemond Block Marked J represents the Jewish 
Mission, and is under the supervision of Foreign Mission Committee. 
The W.F.M.S. gives a yearly grant towards the support of the women 
missionaries. It is estimated that there are in Cantida about 100,000 
Jews. Centres of work have already been opened up in Toronto and 

lie Arrows rep csents other Protestant Chtu-ches, and Christian 
influe nces in the Home I,and. 

THE LARGE GREY SQUARE composed of fourteen smaller 
ones represents the 14,000,000 souls in non-Christian lands, for the 
evangdization of which our Canadian Presbyterian Church alone has 
assumed the full responsibility. There is no other Christian agency 
to assist. 

The fields are Central India, China (Honan, Macao, translation 
work in Shanghai), North Formosa, Korea, New Hebrides, Trinidad, 
British Guiana, the Canadian Indians of the North-West and British 
Columbia, also work among the Chinese and Hindoos in Canada. 

The only means for the support of this work in all its phases is 
through that scheme of our church known as the Foreign Mission 
Sdieme, which is in two divisions, the General Work and Woman's 
Work. The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, Eastern anrl West- 
em Divisions, and the Montreal Woman's Missionary Society (for 
the Macao District) are the only channels through which the support 
for this department known as Woman's Work can be given. 

The Large Red Stfavn Marked WJ.M.S., 1876, represents the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, Eastern and Western Divisions. 
"The Western Division besides supporting work among women and 
girls in Central India, Honan, Shanghai, Formosa, has since 1878 been 
carrying on Educational and Missionary work among the Indians in 
North-West and British Columbia. An averasre of nearly one-third 
of the income of the W.F.M.S. having been spent among pagan and 
non-Christian people in Canada. The W.F.M.S. is Auxiliary to the 
Foreign Missionary Committee, Western Division. 



The W.F.M.S., Eastern Division, similarly carries on work in 
those fields under the supervision of the Foreign Mission Committee, 
Eastern Division, to which it is Auxiliary, viz. : in Korea, New Hebrides, 
Trinidad, British Guiana. 

While the work to be accomplished in Canada is of all importance 
and the sharing in it is the duty of every Christian citizen; it is evident 
from a study of the Chart that for the overtaking of the Christianizing 
of our Dominion, tnei*> is not only the agency of our Presbyterian 
Church through its several home-sdiemes, but each Arrow represents 
a multiplication of similar agencies at work of other denominations 
and in addition the many other Christian and philanthropic agencies 
of an inter-denominational nature. But for the foreign work with its 
many sided needs assigned to our church alone in non-Christian lands, 
there is but the one agency for accomplishing the work, and that 
through the Foreign Mission Scheme. The magnitude of the work 
to be accomplished through this one department is apparent. Condi- 
tions approaching a crisis face us as to the winning of these lands for 
Christ. Doors of opportunity stand open to-day which to-morrow 
may close. God has placed the responsibility of refusing to enter on 
us. Dare we hesiute when He calleth us to listen! 


Foreign Mi&jon Report. 
W.F.M.S. Report. 

Cuirent Letters. 
" The Monthly Record." 
" The Foreign Missionary Tidings." 
" East and West." 

Flashlight on India, Honan. 
A Trip to India. 
A Trip to China. 
The Women of North Formosa. 

A Heroine of Medical Missions (Dr. Graham, historical). 
Sunshine Stories World Wide. 


China for Juniors. 
Japan for Juniors. 
Springs in the Desert (Junior). 





Bible Animals. 

The Bible in the Mission Band. 

Out Hour of Prayer. 

Prayer Card. 

The Importance of Prayer. 

The Place of Foreign Mi.ssions in the Word of God. 

Helpful in Band Work 
Business Rules. 

Hints for Presidents of Bands and Auxiliaries. 
Mission Bands. 

Plea for Our Envelopes. 
Special Objects. 

The Duties of Officers of Auxiliaries and Bands. 
The W.F.M.S. and Its Responsibilities. 
An Orphan It Must Be. 
x.ittle Disappointment. 
Mis.<iion Band Work. 
Manual for Mission Band Workers. 


Rev. R. A. King, M.A., D.D. 
Rev. W. A. Wilson, M.A., D.D, 
Rev. J. A. Sharrard, M.A. 
Rev. Robt. Schofield, B.A. 
Miss Marion Oliver, M.D., CM. 
Miss Janet White. 
Miss Jessie Duncan. 

Miss Harriet Thompson. 

M;5. Menzies. 

Miss Elizabeth McMaster, M.D. 

Miss Ethel Glendinning. 

Miss M. McHarrie. 

Miss Lizbeth Robertson. 

Miss M. Coltart. 


Rev. F. H. Russell, M.A. 
Rev. A. P. Ledingham, B.A. 
Rev. J. T. Taylor, B.A. 
Rev. W. G. Russell, B.A. 
Rev. D. G. Cock, B.A. 

Mr. K. G. KacKay, B.S.A. 
Rev. Alex. Dunn, M.A., B.D. 
Miss Jessie Weir. 
Miss F. B. Clearihue. 
Miss Janet Sinclair. 



Miss Margaret McKellar.M.D. 
Miss Catherine Campbell. 

Rev. J. F. Campbell, D.D. 
Rev. J. R. Harcourt, B.A. 

Mr. Alex. Nugent, M.D.,C.M. 
Mr. J. M. Waters, M.D., CM 
Rev. W. J. Cook, B.A. 

Rev. D. J. Davidson, B.A. 

Rev. D. P. Smith, B.A. 

Mr. A. G. McPhedran,B.A.,M 

Rev. J. Buchanan, B.A., M.D. 


,C.M. Rev. J. S. McKay, B.A. 

Miss M. Cameron. 

Rev. F. J. Anderson, B.A. 


Miss Jessie Giier. 

Miss Bella Goodfellow. 

Miss M. Drummond. 

Miss Margaret O'Hara.M D.,C.M. 

Miss B. Chone Oliver, M.D. 
B. Miss M. S. Herdman. 

Mr. D. E. McDonald. 

Chang te ho 
Rev. Jonathan Goforth. Rev. J. D. MacRae, M.A. 

Rev. Murdock Mackenzie, D.D. Mr. Hugh Mackenzie. 
Rev. Jno. Griffith, B.A. Miss M. I. Mcintosh. 

Mr. Percy C. Leslie,M.D.,M.R.C.S. Miss Jean I. Dow, M.B. 
Rev. Gillies Sadie, B.A. Miss Mina A. Fyke. 

Miss E. Cameron. 
Weihwei Fu 

Mr. F. M. Auld, B.A., M.D. 
Mr. Mark H. Wheeler, B.A. 
Miss Isabel Mcintosh. 
Miss E. Mel ennan, B.A. 

Mr. W. McClure, B.A., M.D. 

Rev. W. Harvey Grant, B.A. 

Rev. R. A. Mitchell, B.A. 

Rev. A. W. Lochhead, B.A., B.D. 

Mr. Shirley O. McMurtry,B.A.,M.D. Miss Margaret MrPonald 

Rev. H. P. LuttreU, B.A. 

Tao K'ou 

Rev. A. Thomson, B.A. 
Hwai King fu 

Miss Edith Magill. 

Miss Annie O'Neill. 

Miss Margaret R. Gay, 

Rev. Harold M. Clark, B.A. 

Rev. J. A. Slimmon. 
Rev. Jas. Menzies, M.D. 
Rev. George M. Ross, B.A. 
Rev. J. A Mowatt, B.A. 



Rev. J. H. Bruce, B.A. 

Mr. W. J. Scott, B.A., M.D., CM 

Wu An 

Rev. J. M. Meniies, B.A. 


Rev. D. MacGillivray, M.A., 

D.D. Miss M. Veme McNeely, B.A. 

Rev. W. R. McKay, MA. 
Miss Agnes I. Dickson, B.A 
Miss Jessie MacBean, M.D. 

Rev. A. 
Miss RacI; 

Broadfoot, B.A., B.D. 
.1 McLean. 

Miss Harriet M. Latter, B.A. 

--—-., — --- -.— -.--^«.., «.«.«.'. ivAjK) AAaiiicL ivi. leaner, 

Mr.J.A. McDonald,B.A.,M.D.,C.M. Rev. R. Duncanson, B.A 


Rev. W.GauId. 

Rev. J. Y. Ferguson, M.D., CM 
Rev. Milton Jack, M.A., B.D. 
Rev. Duncan MacLeod, B.A. 
Miss Jane Kinney, B.A. 


Miss Hannah Connell. 
Miss Mabel G. Ciazie. 
Miss Lily Adair. 
Rev. Geo. W. MacKay. 


Rev. W. R. Foote, M.A., 
Rev. A. F. Robb, B.A. 

Rev. D. McRae, B.A. 
Rev. L. L. Young, B.A. 
Miss K. McMillan, M.D. 


Miss J. Robb. 

Ham Henng 

Miss L. H. McCully. 
Miss E. A. McCully. 

Song Chin 
Rev. R. Grierson, B.A., M.D. Rev. A 

Rev. A. R. Ross, B.A 
Rev. J. M. MacLeod 

H. Barker, B.A. 

B.D. Mr. T. D. Mansfield, M.D. 

Miss Maud Rogers 




Rev. C. W. Bryden. 

Hakoce Wute (Prince Albert) 
Mr. Jonathan Beverley. 

FUe HiUi 

""■" , Missionary. 

, Principal. 

Miss L. Morrice, Teacher. 
Miss K. O. MacKenzie, Assistant Matron. 
Miss F. Ross. Second Assistant Matron. 
Mr. Mackenzie, Farm Instructor. 

Hurricane Hilli 
Rev. E. Mackenzie, Missionary. 

Round Lake 
Rev. Hugh McKay, D.D., Principal and Missionary. 
Mrs. Hugh McKay, Matron. 
Miss Ida Sahlmark, Teacher. 
Mr. Jacob Bear, Assistant Missionary. 

Moose Mountain 
Miss E. M. ArmstiMg, Missionary and Teacher. 
Miss Innes, Field Matron. 

Portage la Prairie 
Rev. J. L. Millar, B.A., Principal and Teacher. 
Mrs. Millar, Matron. 
Miss Mary Hendry, Assistant Matron. 

Swan Lake 
Misses Bruce. 

Rev. Wm. McWhinney, Principal. 
Miss A. McLaren, Teacher. 
Miss J. Gilmour, Matron. 
Miss S. Durbar, Assistant Matron. 
Miss Windel, Seamstress. 

■ , Farm It. tnictor. 

Rev. W. W. McLaren, Principal. 
Miss A. McLaren, Matron. 
Miss P. McLeod, First Assistant Matron. 


wrni no bovs and oixu nr ovk mimion mut 

Birtle— C<HiA>iiMd 
Mill N. TMriey, Secoad Asriitant Matron. 
—; — —— — . AsiisUnt Matron. 
Mill B. MacGregor, Teacher. 
Dr. Gilbart. 

n _ „ ., Lizard Point 

Rev. R. Bailey. 

Bird TaU 
Rev. W. W. McLaren, B.A., Missionary. 

Rev. J. Donaghy, Missionary. 
Miss Murray, Teacher. 

Rolling River 

Lake of the Wood* 

w*^' £• I- Dodds, Principal and Missionary 

Mrs. C. C. Kay, Matron. 

Miss E.M. Wright, AssisUnt Matron. 

Miss Ethel O'Bannon, Teacher. 

Mr. T. Wili i^jisnn. Farm Instructor. 

-. Second Assistant Matron. 

Mr. John Thunder. 
Rev. Mr. Heron. 


Mr. H. B. Currie, Principal. 
Mrs. H. B. Currie, Matron. 
Miss M. A. Grant, Teacher. 
Mrs. J^ Stevens, First Assistant Matron. 
Mrs. Deans, Second Assistant Matron. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Vanderveen, Missionary and Teacher. 

**"■• John T. Ross, Principal and Teacher. 
Mrs. John T. Ross, Matron. 
Miss Roseaa Hall. Assistant Matron. 
Miss Lizzie Mclver, Teacher. 

T— .. o Dodger's Cova 

Joseph Samuel.